Home Kerala Plants - DVD Search Kerala Plants Exotic Plants Garden Plants Trees Shrubs Climbers Medicinal Plants
Search Kerala Plants
Exotic Plants
Garden Plants
Medicinal Plants
Geology & Soil
Garden Plants Kerala
50 Top Garden Plants
25 Herb Garden Plants
25 Shrub Garden Plants
15 Climber Garden Plants
10 Top Tree Grden Plants
  Erythrina suberosa
  Family: FABACEAE/LEGUMINOSAE (Subfam.: Papilionoideae)
  Citation:  Erythrina suberosa Roxb., Fl. Ind. 3: 253. 1832; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 2: 189. 1876; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 354(250). 1918; Sanjappa, Legumes Ind. 173. 1992; Sasidh., Fl. Chinnar WLS 96. 1999. Erythrina sublobata Roxb., Fl. Ind. 3: 254. 1832.
  Malayalam Name(s): Mullumurukku
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Deciduous trees, to 10 m high, bark grey, corky, deeply cracked; branchlets tomentose, armed. Leaves trifoliate, alternate; stipules about 5 mm long, lateral, lanceolate; rachis 7.5-12.5 cm long, stout, puberulent, pulvinate; petiolule upto 10 mm; stipels gland like, leaflets 15-10 x 5.5-12 cm, rhomboid-ovate, base deltoid or truncate, apex acute or obtuse, margin entire or sinuate, glabrous above and wooly pubescent beneath, coriaceous; 3-ribbed from the base, lateral nerves 4-5 pairs, pinnate, prominent, intercostae reticulate, faint. Flowers bisexual, about 4 cm long, bright scarlet, in axillary and terminal racemes; bracts lanceolate, cauducous; calyx tube about 5 mm long, campanulate, splitting to become bilabiate, glabrous; corolla exserted; petals 5, standard oblong, 3.8 x 2 cm, sessile, the wings minute, keels about 1.8 cm long, connate; stamens 10, monadelphous, the vexillary filament free in the upper two thirds; filaments 6 and 8 mm; anthers uniform; ovary inferior, oblong, downy-pubescent, stipitate, 1-celled, ovules many; style to 1 cm, curved, subulate at apex, not bearded, stigma capitate. Fruit a pod, to 15 cm long, linear-falcate, torulose, follicular, with spongy packing between seeds; seeds 2-5, dark reddish-brown, subreniform.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: February-April
  District(s): Idukki
  Habitat: Deciduous forests
  Distribution: Indo-Malesia
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Red
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Localities: Valakanuvam, Pooyamkutty
Kerala News Online