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KERALA PLANTS - DVD
5094 plants; 880 exotics; 100 more multiple keys for finding plants; 20,000 more plant images; 6,800 local/trade/common names and more...>>>
   
 
  Erythrina stricta
 
More images:..>> 21,000 images, 5094 plants; 880 exotics; 100 more multiple keys for finding plants; 6,800 local/trade/common names
  Family: FABACEAE/LEGUMINOSAE (Subfam.: Papilionoideae)
  Citation:  Erythrina stricta Roxb., Fl. Ind. 3: 251. 1832; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 2: 189. 1876; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 354(250). 1918; Manilal, Fl. Silent Valley 81. 1988; Antony, Syst. Stud. Fl. Kottayam Dist. 130. 1989; Sanjappa, Legumes Ind. 173. 1992; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 142. 1996; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 211. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 105. 1998; Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 94. 2002; Mohanan & Sivad., Fl. Agasthyamala 210. 2002; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 178. 2005; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 290. 2009.
  Malayalam Name(s): Aann-murikku, Mullumurukku, Murikku, Venmurukku
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Indian Coral tree
  Description: Trees, to 15 m high, bark 10-20 mm thick, surface yellowish, vertically fissured, armed with bossed prickles; outer bark corky, stratified, inner bark thin fibrous; branchlets apically stellate-pubescent, basally glabrescent, densely prickled. Leaves trifoliate, alternate, leaflets 5-12.5 x 3.7-10 cm, deltoid, truncate or obtuse, apex subacute or acuminate, margin entire, glabrous, membranous; stipules small, lateral; rachis 10-13 cm long, slender, glabrous, pulvinate, prickled or not; stipels gland-like; petiolule 5-10 mm long, slender, glabrous; nerves 3-7 from base, palmate, lateral nerves 5-7, pinnate, prominent, intercostae reticulate, prominent. Flowers bisexual, 5 x 1.8 cm, red, clustered on the brown-tomentose rachis, in terminal racemes; bracts ovate; bracteole 3 mm; pedicel 3 in a cluster, to 8 mm. Calyx spathaceous, 1-1.5 cm, split half way down, glabrous, erect; corolla deep red. Petals 5; standard 5 x 2.5 cm, oblong-lanceolate; wings 5.5 x 3 mm, obovate; keel 2 x 0.7 cm, ovate. Stamens10, monadelphous, vexillary filament free; staminal sheath 2.5 cm; filaments 1 and 1.5 cm long; anthers uniform. Ovary inferior, stipitate, 2 cm, pubescent, 1-celled, ovules many; style 1.5 cm, suberect; stigma capitate. Fruit a pod, 5-10 cm long, lanceolate; seeds 3-6, black.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: January-May
  District(s): Palakkad, Kottayam, Idukki, Pathanamthitta, Malappuram, Thiruvananthapuram, Thrissur, Wayanad, Kannur
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Moist deciduous forests
  Distribution: India, China, Nepal, Thailand and Vietnam
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Red
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude: 600-800
  Localities: Vellanimala, Vallakkadavu, Karimala, Walakkad, Moozhiar, Paduka, Bonaccord
   
 
   
 
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