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  Eriocaulon quinquangulare
 
  Family: ERIOCAULACEAE
  Citation:  Eriocaulon quinquangulare L., Sp. Pl. 87.1753; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 5:582.1893; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 1620(1128).1931; Manilal & Sivar., Fl. Calicut 309. 1982; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 437. 1984; Ansari, Fl. Kasaragod Div. 410. 1985; Ramach. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Cannanore Dist. 497. 1988; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 539. 1990; Joseph, Aquatic Angiosp. Malabar 411. 1991; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 764. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 479. 1998; Sasidh., Fl. Chinnar WLS 325. 1999; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 530. 2005; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 741. 2009; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 918. 2009; R. Ansari & N.P. Balakr., Eriocaul. India (Rev.) 97. 2009.
  Malayalam Name(s):
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Leaves to 6 x 0.6 cm, falcate, acuminate, glabrous. Peduncles numerous, 10-30 cm high; sheath to 5 cm long, limb small. Head 6 x 5 mm, ovoid; involucral bracts 2 x 2 mm, obovate, toothed at apex, straw-coloured; floral bracts 2.5 x 1.2 mm, cuneate, abruptly acuminate, black, glabrous. Female sepals 3, equal, linear, sparsely hairy, black; petals linear-oblong, hairy, hyaline, glandulose; seeds oblong, appendages entire or cut up into rectangular strips on transverse walls. Male sepals black, united into a split sheath, minutely hairy, lobes truncate; petal equal, hairy; anthers black.
  Habit: Herb
  Flowering & Fruiting: August-November
  District(s): Idukki, Kasaragode, Kollam, Pathanamthitta, Malappuram, Palakkad, Kannur, Kozhikkode, Wayanad
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Banks of streams, paddy fields and marshy lands
  Distribution: South Asia
  Aquatic: Yes
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): White
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Monocotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude:
  Localities: Ollavayal, Thannikkudy, Moozhiar, Manantody, Nileswar, Lock-hert gap, Dhoni R. F., Karimpuzha
   
 
   
 
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