Share web
Home Kerala Plants - DVD Search Kerala Plants Exotic Plants Garden Plants Trees Shrubs Climbers Medicinal Plants
Search Kerala Plants
Exotic Plants
Garden Plants
Medicinal Plants
Geology & Soil
  Eriobotrya japonica
  Family: ROSACEAE
  Citation:  Eriobotrya japonica (Thunb.) Lindl., Trans. Linn. Soc. London 13: 102. 1821; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 2: 372. 1878; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 446(316). 1919; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 344. 2009. Mespilus japonica Thunb., Fl. Jap. 206. 1784.
  Malayalam Name(s):
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Loquat, Chinese medlar, Japanese medlar
  Description: Trees up to 8 m high; primary stems erect; secondary stems spreading; young stems stout, white-tomentose; older stems with prominent leaf scars, becoming greyish brown and transversely calloused. Leaves crowded near branch tips, 15-30 x 5-10 cm, oblanceolate to narrowly elliptic, acute, tapering to cuneate or slightly auriculate base, very coriaceous, ± rugose, dark green and glossy above, thinly grey- or brown-tomentose below, serrate at least in upper 1/2 (sometimes obscurely); petiole c. 1.5 cm long, stout; stipules long-triangular, ± attenuate, pilose. Inflorescence of many flowers; pedicels 5-8 mm long, brownish tomentose. Sepals fused for most of length; lobes 2-4 mm long, brown-tomentose. Petals white or ivory, oblong, c. 7-8 x 3-4 mm, shallowly emarginate. Fruit pyriform to broadly ellipsoid-oblong or subglobose, up to 5 x 3.5 cm; yellow, more or less tomentose; flesh sweet.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: September-January
  District(s): Idukki, Thrissur, Palakkad, Wayanad
  Habitat: Cultivated in the High Ranges
  Distribution: China and Japan
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): White
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: Yes
  Garden: No
  Edible: Yes
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Localities: Mannavan shola
Kerala News Online
Website Hit Counters