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  Elaeocarpus serratus var. serratus
  Citation:  Elaeocarpus serratus L., Sp. Pl. 515. 1753, var. serratus; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 1:401.1874; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 124(88). 1915; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 99. 1984; Ansari, Fl. Kasaragod Div. 86. 1985; Ramach. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Cannanore Dist. 74. 1988; Antony, Syst. Stud. Fl. Kottayam Dist. 87. 1989; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 96. 1990; S.K. Murti in B.D. Sharma & Sanjappa, Fl. India 3: 553. 1993; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 93. 1994; Subram., Fl. Thenmala Div. 46. 1995; Sasidh. et al., Bot. Stud. Med. Pl. Kerala 22. 1996; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 74. 1996; Sasidh., Fl. Shenduruny WLS 46. 1997; Swarup. et al., Shola For. Kerala 47. 1998; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 112. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 41. 1998; Zmarzty, Kew Bull. 56: 434. 2001; Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 39. 2002; Mohanan & Sivad., Fl. Agasthyamala 121. 2002; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 102. 2005; M. Reema et al. in P. Daniel, Fl. Kerala 1: 502. 2005; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 145. 2009; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 174. 2009. Elaeocarpus oblongus Gaertn., Fruct. 1: 202. t. 43. 1788.
  Malayalam Name(s): Bhadraksham, Kara, Karamavu, Nallakara, Perinkara, Valiyakara
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Wild Olive tree, Ceylon Olive
  Description: Trees, to 20 m high, aerial roots on large buttresseses; bark 8-10 mm thick brown, mottled with grey; branchlets, petioles, peduncles and young leaves densely pubescent. Leaves simple, alternate, 5-14 x 2-6.2 cm, elliptic-obovate or elliptic ovate, apex acute, caudate-acuminate or obtusely acuminate, base acute or cuneate, margin crenate-serrate, glabrous, coriaceous; petiole 15-40 mm, slender, pubescent, swollen tipped, with 2 minute glands at tip; lateral nerves 3-8 pairs, pinnate, prominent, intercostae reticulate, slender, prominent, domatia glandular. Flowers bisexual, white, in axillary racemes to 8 cm long. Sepals 5, ovate, pubescent on outside, densely glandulose, valvate. Petals 5, laciniate, inserted round the base of glandular disc. Stamens many, inserted between the glands on the disc; anthers not awned, tipped with hairs. Ovary superior, densely tomentose, raised on torus, 3-celled, ovules 2 in each cell; style subulate, entire. Fruit a drupe, subglobose, green, style persistent; stone tubercled; seed one.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: April-September
  District(s): All Districts
  Habitat: Semi-evergreen forests, also in the plains
  Distribution: Indo-Malesia
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): White
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude: 500-750
  Localities: Vellanimala, Kallar, Kattalappara, Pamba, Pachakkanam, Kothala, Chandanathode, Ponmudi, Boneccord, Plapally, Kannoth, Ayyappankovil, Mukkali forests, Konnakadu, Aroor, Thalichola, Ampumala, Nadugani ghats, Kulathupuzha, Teppakulam, Ettapadappu, Karamanay
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