Share web
 
 
 
Home Kerala Plants - DVD Search Kerala Plants Exotic Plants Garden Plants Trees Shrubs Climbers Medicinal Plants
 
KERALA PLANTS
Search Kerala Plants
Exotic Plants
Garden Plants
Trees
Herbs
Shrubs
Climbers
Medicinal Plants
GENERAL
Introduction
Location
Geology & Soil
Climate
Phytogeography
Vegetation
 
KERALA PLANTS - DVD
5094 plants; 880 exotics; 100 more multiple keys for finding plants; 20,000 more plant images; 6,800 local/trade/common names and more...>>>
   
 
  Durio zibethinus
 
More images:..>> 21,000 images, 5094 plants; 880 exotics; 100 more multiple keys for finding plants; 6,800 local/trade/common names
  Family: BOMBACACEAE
  Citation:  Durio zibethinus Murray, Syst. Nat. Veg. (ed. 13) 581. 1774; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 351. 1874; M.P. Nayar & Biswas in B.D. Sharma & Sanjappa, Fl. India 3: 405. 1993.
  Malayalam Name(s):
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Durian, Civet fruit tree
  Description: Tree to 20-36 m tall, the trunk straight, to 1.8 m GBH and over, the bark grey, smooth, the crown rather small, rounded-elongated. Leaves with the petiole 1.2-2.5 cm long, the upper half pulvinate, often somewhat curved to caudate; blade 8.5-20 cm long and 2.5-5.5 cm wide, narrowly elliptic, infrequently narrowly elliptic-subobovate, rounded at the base, from gradually to rather abruptly long-acuminate at the apex, with the acumen to 2 cm long and obtuse to more or less acute, subcoriaceous, the margins somewhat undulated, the upper surface deep green and somewhat shining, the lower surface olivaceous-lepidote, the scales finely fimbrillate, the costa prominent beneath, the venation otherwise nearly inconspicuous. Flowers with the pedicels thick and 1.5-1.8 cm long; epicalyx short-tubular, 1-1.2 cm long, densely tawny-lepidote without, cinereous-stellate- puberulous within; calyx oblong-tubular, 2.5-3 cm long and 6-9 mm in diam., scarcely swollen and rounded at the base, the apex 5-dentate with the teeth to 2 mm long, densely covered with finely fimbrillate tawny scales to 2 mm in diam. without, the lower 2/3 very densely whitish-lepidote and the upper 1/3 brownish, glabrous and shining within; staminal tube white at the base and at the apex, reddish in the middle, longer than the calyx, to 3.5 cm long, the upper part finely and minutely stellate-arachnoid, the apex 5-dentate-lobulate, the lobes c. 2-3 mm long, with 7-9 stamens along their margins; stamens with the filaments to 1 mm long, the connectives c. 1-1.2 mm in diam., the thecae c. 0.4 mm in diam., the stalks c. 0.2-0.6 mm long; ovary densely white-lepidote, the cells 2-ovulate; style long-exserted, to 4 cm long, white-arachnoid, the hairs short and fine, the stigma orange, to 2.3 mm in diam. Capsule globular, to 10 cm in diam.(spines included), completely dehiscent on the tree, the spines conical, 6-15 mm long, covered with brownish scales, the pericarp(without spines) c.12 mm thick, snow-white inside; seeds 1-5, chestnut-like, to 3.8 cm long and 2.3 cm thick, completely surrounded with an orange brown aril, the latter laciniate at the apex, the testa brown and shining.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: February-June
  District(s): Kannur, Idukki
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Occasionally grown for the edible fruits
  Distribution: Cultivated in India, Native of Malay Peninsula; introduced elsewhere
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Creamy
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: Yes
  Garden: No
  Edible: Yes
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude:
  Localities:
   
 
   
 
Pookalam Designs
 
 
 
 
 
Website Hit Counters