Share web
 
 
 
Home Kerala Plants - DVD Search Kerala Plants Exotic Plants Garden Plants Trees Shrubs Climbers Medicinal Plants
 
KERALA PLANTS
Search Kerala Plants
Exotic Plants
Garden Plants
Trees
Herbs
Shrubs
Climbers
Medicinal Plants
GENERAL
Introduction
Location
Geology & Soil
Climate
Phytogeography
Vegetation
 
KERALA PLANTS - DVD
5094 plants; 880 exotics; 100 more multiple keys for finding plants; 20,000 more plant images; 6,800 local/trade/common names and more...>>>
   
 
  Diospyros paniculata
 
More images:..>> 21,000 images, 5094 plants; 880 exotics; 100 more multiple keys for finding plants; 6,800 local/trade/common names
  Family: EBENACEAE
  Citation:  Diospyros paniculata Dalz. in Hook.'s J. Bot. Kew Gard. Misc. 4: 109. 1852; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 3: 570. 1882; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 775(544). 1923; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 244. 1984; Ramach. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Cannanore Dist. 265. 1988; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 269. 1990; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 280. 1994; Subram., Fl. Thenmala Div. 208. 1995; Sasidh. et al., Bot. Stud. Med. Pl. Kerala 30. 1996; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 271. 1996; Sasidh., Fl. Shenduruny WLS 194. 1997; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 400. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 231. 1998; Ravikumar & Ved, Illustr. Field Guide 100 Red Listed Med. Pl. 118. 2000 Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 182. 2002; Mohanan & Sivad., Fl. Agasthyamala 418. 2002; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 300. 2005; V. Singh, Monogr. Indian Diospyros 189. 2005; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 500. 2009.
  Malayalam Name(s): Karivella, Karumaram, Karivella, Illakatta, Thuvara
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Dioecious trees, to 15 m high, bark 7-8 mm thick, smooth, black often with grey blotches; branchlets angular, pubescent. Leaves simple, alternate, 12-20 x 4-7 cm, oblong or oblong-lanceolate, base acute, round or cuneate, apex acute, acuminate or obtusely acuminate, margin entire, reflexed near the base, glabrous, coriaceous; petiole 7-10 mm long, stout, wrinkled, puberulent when young; lateral nerves 6-9 pairs, pinnate, prominent, intercostae reticulate, surface finely reticulate. Flowers unisexual greenish-yellow. Male flowers: 3-5 together in short panicled cymes with a pair of ovate-cordate bracts; bracts 1 x 0.8 cm, pubescent; calyx 10 x 12 mm, globose, 5-angled, minutely hispid, deeply lobed; lobes-5, ovate-obtuse, margin reflexed, prominently veined, pubescent; corolla dull or creamy white, tube 12 mm long, pentagonal, narrowed above, hispid; lobes 5, 8 x 4 mm, oblong; stamens 16-20 in pairs, equal; anthers linear, acute; pistillode absent. Female flowers; solitary, axillary; pedicel to 2 cm long; bracts larger than those of the male flowers; calyx glabrescent; staminodes 10; ovary superior, 4-celled, ovule 1 in each cell, tomentose; stigma 4, unequal. Fruit a berry, 3-4 x 2-3 cm, ovoid to obovoid, obtuse, obtusely 5-angled, yellowish-brown, puberulous; calyx 1.5 x 3 cm, saccate; seeds few, 2 x 0.8 cm.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: January-April
  District(s): Palakkad, Kollam, Idukki, Pathanamthitta, Malappuram, Kannur, Thiruvananthapuram, Thrissur, Kozhikkode, Wayanad
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Evergreen and semi-evergreen forests
  Distribution: Peninsular India
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Green, White
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to: Peninsular India
  IUCN status:
  Altitude: 500-1200
  Localities: Sholayar, Vellanimala, Vazhani, Kattalappara, Kulathupuzha, Koruthode, Neyyandanchira, Moozhiar, Ranni, Konni, Nedumpoyil, Chandanathode, Kaikatty, Vattappara-Inchikuzhi, Boneccord, Suryakanthi, Koomanpara, Thenmalai, Kulathupuzha, Bonaccord, Athirumala
   
 
   
 
Pookalam Designs
 
 
 
 
 
Website Hit Counters