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5094 plants; 880 exotics; 100 more multiple keys for finding plants; 20,000 more plant images; 6,800 local/trade/common names and more...>>>
  Dioscorea bulbifera
More images:..>> 21,000 images, 5094 plants; 880 exotics; 100 more multiple keys for finding plants; 6,800 local/trade/common names
  Citation:  Dioscorea bulbifera L., Sp. Pl. 1033. 1753; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 6: 296. 1892; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 1511(1055). 1928(1055); Manilal & Sivar., Fl. Calicut 291. 1982; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 411. 1984; Ansari, Fl. Kasaragod Div. 385. 1985; Ramach. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Cannanore Dist. 473. 1988; Antony, Syst. Stud. Fl. Kottayam Dist. 397. 1989; Babu, Fl. Malappuram Dist. 807. 1990; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 507. 1990; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 479. 1994; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 468. 1996; Sasidh., Fl. Shenduruny WLS 342. 1997; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 723. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 349. 2002; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 504. 2005; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 692. 2009. Helmia bulbifera (L.) Kunth, Enum. Pl. 5: 435. 1850. Dioscorea bulbifera L. var. vera Prain & Burkill, J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal 10:26.1914; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 1511 (1055). 1928; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 454. 1998.
  Malayalam Name(s): Alanthal, Kattukachil, Nukappa, Pannikizhangu
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Air potato, Bulb bearing yam, Potato yam
  Description: Vines with tuberous root stocks; Stem terete, twining to left. Leaves 9-25 x 8-23 cm, ovate-suborbicular, base deeply cordate, apex acuminate to shortly caudate, membranous, glabrous, basally 9-11-ribbed; petiole to 20 cm long. Bulbils frequent in leaf axils and in inflorescence. Male flowers in slender, axillary panicled spikes, pendulous, to 18 cm long; bracteoles ovate, acute. Perianth light green; lobes 6, biseriate, c. 2.5 mm long, linear-oblong. Stamens 6 free. Female spikes 1-3 together; staminodes 3; ovary triquetrous, 3-locular, ovules 2-per locule; styles 3; stigma 2-fid, reflexed. Capsules 1.5-2.3 x 1-1.5 cm, oblong, 3-winged.
  Habit: Climber
  Flowering & Fruiting: September-October
  District(s): All Districts
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Moist deciduous forests, also in the plains
  Distribution: Paleotropics
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Green
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Monocotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: Yes
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Localities: Peechi, Kattalappara, Pezha, Adoor, Pathenthode, Taliparamba, Tolpetty, Neriamangalam to Velvara, Chindaki forest, Beemanadi, Vadapuram, Nedumkayam, Kanjirakadavu
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