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  Dactyloctenium aegyptium
  Citation:  Dactyloctenium aegyptium (L.) P. Beauv., Ess. Agrost. 10. 1812; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 1840(1273). 1934; Manilal & Sivar., Fl. Calicut 337. 1982; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 467. 1984; Ansari, Fl. Kasaragod Div. 456. 1985; Ramach. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Cannanore Dist. 534. 1988; Antony, Syst. Stud. Fl. Kottayam Dist. 449. 1989; Babu, Fl. Malappuram Dist. 925. 1990; Sreek. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Kerala Grasses 367. 1991; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 535. 1994; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 511. 1996; Sasidh., Fl. Shenduruny WLS 383. 1997; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 824. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 520. 1998; Sasidh., Fl. Chinnar WLS 345. 1999; Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 389. 2002; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 570. 2005; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 834. 2009; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 966. 2009. Cynosurus aegyptius L., Sp. Pl. 72. 1753.
  Malayalam Name(s): Kavarapullu, Kakkakalan pullu
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Egyptian grass, Egyptian Finger Grass, Crow foot grass
  Description: Annuals. Culms 30-60 cm long, creeping or geniculately ascending, rooting at the nodes; nodes glabrous. Leaves 5-20 x 0.3-0.6 cm, linear, rounded or shallowly cordate at base, acuminate, margins at base ciliate; sheaths to 5 cm long, keeled; ligules ovate, fimbriate, membranous. Spikes 2-6, digitate, each 2-5 cm long, oblong. Spikelets sessile, 2-3.5 mm long, ovate or oblong, 3-4-flowered, laterally compressed, densely imbricate, in 2 rows. Lower glume 1.5-2 x 1-1.5 mm, boat-shaped or ovate-acute when spread, keeled; keel scabrid. Upper glume 1.5-2 x 1-1.5 mm, ovate-elliptic or obovate, aristate, keeled; keel scabrid; arista c. 1.5 mm long, geniculate. Lemmas 1.5-3 x 1-1.5 mm, ovate, aristate; arista c. 1 mm long. Palea 1-1.5 x 1 mm, ovate-lanceolate, acuminate. Stamens 3; anthers c. 0.5 mm long. Grain c. 1 mm long, obovate or triangular, transversely rugose.
  Habit: Herb
  Flowering & Fruiting: Throughout the year
  District(s): All Districts
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Marshy lands and open areas
  Distribution: Native of South America, naturalised in Paleotropics
  Aquatic: Yes
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s):
  Weed: Yes
  Monocot/Dicot: Monocotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: Yes
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Localities: Peechi, Kattalappara, Chinnar, Thekkady, Vengoli, Thunnakkadavu, Adoor, Aralam, Tellicherry, Manjeswar, Nileswar, Taliparamba, Kottayam town, Kudamaloor, Pulimath, Kutiyadi, on way to Nilamel, Pallana, Pallanthuruthy, Muhamma, Challanam, Cochin, Kanjirak
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