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  Cymbopogon martinii
 
  Family: POACEAE/GRAMINEAE
  Citation:  Cymbopogon martinii (Roxb.) Wats. in Atkins., Gaz. N.W. Prov. Ind. 392. 1882; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 1756(1217). 1934; Ramach. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Cannanore Dist. 531. 1988; Sreek. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Kerala Grasses 72. 1991; Subram., Fl. Thenmala Div. 452. 1995; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 962. 2009. Andropogon martinii Roxb., Fl. Ind. 1: 280. 1820. Andropogon schoenanthus L. var. martinii (Roxb.) Hook.f., Fl. Brit. India 7: 204. 1896.
  Malayalam Name(s): Sambarapullu
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Geranium grass, Palmarosa, Roha grass, Rusa grass, Lemon grass
  Description: Tufted perennial arising from a short, stout, woody rootstock; culms up to 3 m high, the lower nodes often swollen. Leaf-blades linear-lanceolate or lanceolate, up to 50 cm long, 10-30 mm wide, glaucous or pruinose below, usually dark green above, cordate at the base and often amplexicaul, tapering to a filiform tip, False panicle linear-oblong, up to 30 cm long, erect; spatheoles narrowly elliptic to narrowly lanceolate, 2-4 cm long, green, becoming orange or reddish at maturity. Racemes 15-20 mm long, the lowermost pedicle swollen and barrel-shaped; internodes and pedicels densely ciliate along the margins, sparsely pilose on the back. Sessile spikelet elliptic-oblong or oblong, 4-4.5 mm long; lower glume flat on the back in the upper half and with a deep V-shaped groove in the lower, the keels winged above; upper lemma deeply bifid, with an awn 12-18 mm long.
  Habit: Herb
  Flowering & Fruiting: November-December
  District(s): Wayanad
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Grasslands
  Distribution: Peninsular India
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s):
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Monocotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to: Peninsular India
  IUCN status:
  Altitude:
  Localities: Ambayathode, Ariankavu
   
 
   
 
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