Share web
 
 
 
Home Kerala Plants - DVD Search Kerala Plants Exotic Plants Garden Plants Trees Shrubs Climbers Medicinal Plants
 
KERALA PLANTS
Search Kerala Plants
Exotic Plants
Garden Plants
Trees
Herbs
Shrubs
Climbers
Medicinal Plants
GENERAL
Introduction
Location
Geology & Soil
Climate
Phytogeography
Vegetation
 
KERALA PLANTS - DVD
5094 plants; 880 exotics; 100 more multiple keys for finding plants; 20,000 more plant images; 6,800 local/trade/common names and more...>>>
   
 
  Cymbopogon citratus
 
More images:..>> 21,000 images, 5094 plants; 880 exotics; 100 more multiple keys for finding plants; 6,800 local/trade/common names
  Family: POACEAE/GRAMINEAE
  Citation:  Cymbopogon citratus (DC.) Stapf, Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1906: 357. 1906; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 1756(1216). 1934; Manilal & Sivar., Fl. Calicut 344. 1982; Sreek. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Kerala Grasses 70. 1991; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 568. 2005. Andropogon citratus DC., Cat. Hort. Monsp. 78.1813.
  Malayalam Name(s): Chayapullu, Chenganampullu, Chonakapullu, Inchipullu, Kavattapullu, Kothipullu, Padarpullu, Sambarapullu, Thannakkapullu, Theruvapullu, Thyilapullu, Vasanappullu
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Oil grass, Lemon grass, Melissa grass, West Indian lemon grass
  Description: A tall perennial grass with dense fascicles of leaves arising from a short, oblique annulate rhizome. Leaves with an aromatic(lemony)odour when crushed; blades linear, long-attenuated towards the base and tapering upwards to a long point, upto 90 cm long and 1.6-1.8 cm wide, very firm, glaucous green; midrib whitish on upper side, primary lateral nerves 4-6 on each side, raised above; ligules very short, rounded or truncate; sheaths 10-30 cm long, glabrous and smooth, cinnamon coloured or russet on the inside, those of the culms shorter than internodes, finely pubescent or velvety at the nodes. Flowers reddish, borne in loose panicles 30-60 cm long, sometimes larger, internodes c. 5-20 cm, decreasing in length from base to apex.
  Habit: Herb
  Flowering & Fruiting: July-September
  District(s): Pathanamthitta, Idukki, Kollam, Kozhikkode, Thrissur, Ernakulam
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Grasslands
  Distribution: Tropics
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s):
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Monocotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude:
  Localities: Ponnambalamedu
   
 
   
 
Kerala News Online
 
 
 
 
 
Website Hit Counters