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KERALA PLANTS - DVD
5094 plants; 880 exotics; 100 more multiple keys for finding plants; 20,000 more plant images; 6,800 local/trade/common names and more...>>>
   
 
  Crotalaria pallida var. obovata
 
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  Family: FABACEAE/LEGUMINOSAE (Subfam.: Papilionoideae)
  Citation:  Crotalaria pallida Dryand. var. obovata (G. Don) Polhill, Kew Bull. 22: 265. 1968; Ansari, Fl. Kasaragod Div. 121. 1985; Ramach. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Cannanore Dist. 133. 1988; Sanjappa, Legumes Ind. 126. 1992; Ansari, Crotalaria India 341. 2008. Crotalaria obovata G. Don, Gen. Hist. 2: 138. 1832.
  Malayalam Name(s):
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Erect branched subshrubs, 1-2 m high, branchlets puberulous. Leaves alternate, 3-foliolate; leaflets 3-7 cm long, elliptic-obovate or obovate, widest at a point 0.6-0.8 cm from base to apex, mostly, rounded, obtuse-rotund or retuse at apex; petiolule ca 2 mm long, woolly petioles ca 5 cm long; stipules filiform, caducous or absent. Racemes terminal and lateral, elongated, up to 30 cm long; peduncles ca 5 cm long; bracts linear, ca 8 mm long, caducous; bracteoles subulate, ca 1.5 mm long, adpressed to calyx; pedicels up to 2 mm long. Flowers in lax racemes, numerous, 1.0-1.5 cm long, closely arranged towards the top. Calyx-tube ca 3 mm long, campanulate, truncate at base and strongly deflexed against the pedicel, lobes lanceolate, 4-5 mm long, acuminate, subequal, adpressed pubescent. Petals yellow, twice as long as calyx; vexillum purplish, oblong-elliptic, ca 1.2 x 0.8 cm, obtuse-retuse at apex, claw ca 3 mm long, glabrous without; wing petals elliptic, ca 1.0 x 0.3 cm; keel petals falcate, ca 1.2 x 0.5 cm, ciliate on both the margins, the lower side outcurved about the middle, with an incurved, untwisted beak. Staminal sheath ca 8 mm long; free filaments 4-8 mm long; longer anthers oblong, ca 2-5 mm long; shorter anthers ovoid, ca 0.5 mm long. Ovary stipitate, oblong, ca 6 mm long, flat, densely pubescent; style ca 1 cm long, curved, pubescent on the inner side; ovules numerous. Pods shortly stipitate, oblong or subcylindric, 3-4 x 0.6-0.7 cm, sometimes slightly curved, deflexed, glabrescent, much exceeding the calyx; seeds 40-50, obliquely-cordiform, ca 3 mm long, dark grey-green or brown, finely papillate.
  Habit: Shrub
  Flowering & Fruiting: November-February
  District(s): Kasaragode, Kannur
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Wastelands
  Distribution: India and Bhutan
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Yellow
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude:
  Localities: Pappinisseri, Nileswar
   
 
   
 
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