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  Cosmostigma racemosum
  Citation:  Cosmostigma racemosum (Roxb.) Wight, Contrib. 42. 1834 & Ic. t. 591. 1842; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 4: 46. 1883; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 846(595). 1923; Manilal & Sivar., Fl. Calicut 168. 1982; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 258. 1984; Ansari, Fl. Kasaragod Div. 232. 1985; Babu, Fl. Malappuram Dist. 431. 1990; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 288. 1996; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 249. 1998; Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 194. 2002; Mohanan & Sivad., Fl. Agasthyamala 449. 2002; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 317. 2005; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 439. 2009. Asclepias racemosa Roxb., Fl. Ind. 2: 32. 1832. Cosmostigma acuminatum Wight, Ic. t. 1270. 1848.
  Malayalam Name(s): Vattuvalli, Vattolam
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Climbing herbs, stem glabrous. Leaves 6-10 x 3-5 cm, ovate, apex acute or acuminate, base rounded or subcordate, 5-ribbed, glabrous with a few small black glandular papillae at base, lateral nerves 3 pairs; petiole to 2.5 cm long. Racemes to 2.5 cm long. Flowers 8 mm across, many together; pedicels 1 cm long, slender, pubescent; sepals small, ovate to orbicular, ciliate; corolla greenish-yellow with brown dots, 4 mm long, lobes ovate; gynostegium 2 mm across, outer corona lobes orbicular, emarginate, membranous; inner corona similar to outer.
  Habit: Climber
  Flowering & Fruiting: April-June
  District(s): All Districts
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Moist deciduous forests, scrub jungles and sacred groves
  Distribution: Indo-Malesia
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Green
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude: 500-750
  Localities: Peechi, Sabarimala, Orukomban, Attappady R.F., Moozhiar, Taliparamba, Sreekantapuram, Sharangakavu, Bonaccord
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