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Geology & Soil
  Cocos nucifera
  Citation:  Cocos nucifera L., Sp. Pl. 1188. 1753; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 6: 482. 1893; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 1557(1086). 1931; Manilal & Sivar., Fl. Calicut 300. 1982; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 428. 1984; Ansari, Fl. Kasaragod Div. 399. 1985; Ramach. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Cannanore Dist. 491. 1988; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 529. 1990; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 493. 1994; Sasidh., Fl. Shenduruny WLS 355. 1997; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 481. 1996; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 747. 1997; Renuka, Palms Kerala 44. 1999; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 521. 2005; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 715. 2009; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 899. 2009.
  Malayalam Name(s): Coconut, Thenga, Thengu
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Coconut
  Description: Erect trees with annular petiolar scars. Leaves pinnatisect, 4-6 m long; leaflets reduplicate, 60-100 x 2.5-5 cm, base narrow, apex tapering, acute. Spadices interfoliar, 50-100 cm long, panicled; branches to 60 cm long. Spathe 60-130 cm long, oblong, woody. Flowers monoecious, subsessile. Male flowers: often paired, to 8 mm long. Sepals c. 3 mm long, ovate. Petals 6-8 mm long, ovate, woody, yellowish-brown. Stamens 6; pistillode short, 3-fid. Female flowers 1-3 per branch, basal, globose. Perianth-lobes 6; woody; outer lobes broadly obovate, c. 2 cm across; inner lobes reniform, to 2 cm across. Ovary 3-celled; ovule 1 per cell; style short. Drupe to 30 cm long, ovoid or globose, trigonous; pericarp fibrous; endocarp stony. Seed coherent with the endocarp.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: Throughout the year
  District(s): All Districts
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Cultivated
  Distribution: Cultivated throughout the tropics
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Creamy, Yellow
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Monocotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: Yes
  Vegetable: Yes
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
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