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KERALA PLANTS - DVD
5094 plants; 880 exotics; 100 more multiple keys for finding plants; 20,000 more plant images; 6,800 local/trade/common names and more...>>>
   
 
  Clerodendrum heterophyllum
 
More images:..>> 21,000 images, 5094 plants; 880 exotics; 100 more multiple keys for finding plants; 6,800 local/trade/common names
  Family: VERBENACEAE
  Citation:  Clerodendrum heterophyllum (Poir.) R. Br. in Ait.f., Hort. Kew (ed. 2) 4: 64. 1812; Manilal & Sivar., Fl. Calicut 233. 1982; Sivar. & Manilal Journ. Econ. Tax. Bot. 3: 814. 1982; Rajendran & Daniel, Indian Verbenaceae 107. 2002. Volkameria heterophylla Poir., Encycl. 8: 687. 1808.
  Malayalam Name(s):
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Clerodendron, Tree of little stars
  Description: Shrub, 2-3 m high; branches slender, subterete or obtusely 4-angular, densely greyish pubescent, glabrous when mature, sulcate when dry, lenticellate; nodes annulate, swollen; internodes much abbreviated, 0.5-6 cm long; leaf-scars circular, prominent. Leaves decussate-opposite or ternate, elliptic or elliptic-lanceolate, cuneate at base, entire-undulate along margins, acute at apex, 2.5-7 x 1-3.5 cm, chartaceous, bright green on both surfaces or slightly paler beneath, pubescent on both surfaces when young, nearly glabrous when mature; lateral nerves 6-7 pairs, ascending, forming a loop near margin, obscure above, distinct beneath; petioles canaliculate, slender, 4-10 mm long, pubescent. Corymbs crowded near tip of branches, axillary and terminal, composed of 3-4 decussate-opposite few-flowered cymes, 2-6 x 2.5-5 cm; peduncles terete, slender, 1-2.5 cm long; bractlets linear or subulate, 3-5 mm long, pubescent; pedicels slender, 3-7 mm long. Calyx campanulate, minutely subentire or 5-toothed, ca 3 x 2 mm, teeth minute, linear or rounded, glandular, minutely pubescent outside. Corolla hypocrateriform, 5-lobed, greenish white or cream-coloured; lobes subequal, oblong or obovate-oblong, obtuse, 2-6 x 2-3 mm; tube narrow, cylindric, ampliate towards apex, ca 10 x 2 mm, pubescent outside. Stamens 4, didynamous; filaments filiform, 1-1.5 cm long, glabrous, white, exserted; anthers oblong, yellow. Ovary globose or obovoid-globose, 1-1.5 mm long, green; style filiform, 1.5-2 cm long, white; stigma 2-lobed; lobes equal, subulate. Drupes subglobose, 5-7 mm across, black when mature, glabrous; fruiting-calyx cupular, 4-5 x 6-8 mm, irregularly splitting to base, glabrous.
  Habit: Shrub
  Flowering & Fruiting: February-December
  District(s): Kozhikkode, Thrissur, Palakkad
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Grown as hedge plant
  Distribution: Native of Mascarene islands
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Creamy, White, Green
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: Yes
  Garden: Yes
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude:
  Localities:
   
 
   
 
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