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  Cleistanthus malabaricus
  Citation:  Cleistanthus malabaricus Muell.-Arg. in DC., Prodr. 15: 508. 1866; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 5: 276. 1887; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 1283(898). 1925; Chakrabarty et al., Journ. Econ. Tax. Bot. 26: 338. 2002; N.P.Balakr. & Chakrab., Fam. Euphorbiaceae India 324. 2007. Lebidiera malabarica Muell.-Arg., Linnaea 32: 81. 1863.
  Malayalam Name(s):
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Shrubs or small trees; branchlets brown or blackish, densely rufous or tawny-villous when young and glabrous at maturity. Leaves alternate, 4-13 x 2-4.5 cm, narrowly oblong-obovate to oblanceolate or sometimes cuneate-obovate, narrowed and acute, subacute or rounded at base, apiculate to caudate or acuminate at apex, chartaceous or thinly coriaceous, glabrous or rufous-villous or tawny-hirsute on midrib and lateral nerves above, scattered whitish or fulvous-pilose or hirsute on nerves beneath, otherwise glabrous beneath; lateral nerves 5-10 pairs, slender, faint above, raised beneath, arcuate; petioles 1.5-5 x 1-2 mm, rufous or tawny-tomentellous or villous or hirsute; stipules 5-10 mm long, subulate, linear, linear-lanceolate to filiform, villous to glabrous. Glomerules on main and lateral leafy, 4-15 cm long branches, few-flowered; bracts broadly ovate, 0.5 mm long, persistent. Male flowers: pedicels 4 x 0.8 mm, sparsely puberulous; calyx 7 mm across, glabrous; sepals narrowly subulate-acuminate or lanceolate, ca 4 x 1 mm; petals narrowly spatulate-obovate, ca 2 x 0.8 mm, slightly lobed at apex; disk shortly cupuliform; staminal column ca 1 mm long; filaments ca 0.5 mm long; anthers ellipsoid, 0.8 mm long; pistillode trifid. Female flowers: pedicels 0.5 -1 mm long, ochraceous-villous; calyx ca 4 x 5 mm, glabrous; sepals triangular or ovate-oblong, 3 x 1.5 mm; petals spathulate, 2 x 1 mm, entire, glabrous; disk copular, entire, villous along margins; ovary subglobose, 1-2 mm in diameter, densely and evanescently fulvous-villous; styles 1 mm long, free, shortly bifid, erect. Capsules somewhat depressed, 4-5 x 8-9 mm, 3-lobed, glabrous, pedicels 1-2 x ca 1.2 mm, puberulous to glabrous; seeds subglobose, 5 mm across.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: December-September
  District(s): Palakkad
  Habitat: Evergreen forests
  Distribution: Peninsular India
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Yellow
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to: Peninsular India
  IUCN status: Vulnerable (VU)
  Altitude: 300-1000
Eflora Kerala
Eflora Kerala