Share web
Home Kerala Plants - DVD Search Kerala Plants Exotic Plants Garden Plants Trees Shrubs Climbers Medicinal Plants
Search Kerala Plants
Exotic Plants
Garden Plants
Medicinal Plants
Geology & Soil
  Citrus aurantium
  Family: RUTACEAE
  Citation:  Citrus aurantium L., Sp. Pl. 782. 1753; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 515. 1875; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 162(115). 1915; Subram., Fl. Thenmala Div. 52. 1995; K.N. Nair & M.P. Nayar in Hajra et al., Fl. India 4: 279. 1997; R.K. Premanath in P. Daniel, Fl. Kerala 1: 590. 2005. Citrus madraspatana Hort. ex Tanaka, J. Indian Bot. Soc. 16: 238. 1937.
  Malayalam Name(s): Karna, Madhuranaragam
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Bigarade, Sour orange, Seville orange
  Description: Small trees, rarely shrus; young shoots glabrous. Leaves alternate, 1-foliolate; leaflets elliptic or ovate, cuneate or rounded at base, undulate or slightly crenulate at margin, tapering and emarginate at apex; petioles ca 2 cm long, often broadly winged; wings spatulate to oblong-obovate, ca 15 mm broad. Inflorescences axillary, few flowered. Flowers bisexual, white. Sepals 4 or 5, deltoid, acute, ciliate at margin. Petals oblong, attenuate above, coriaceous, glandular. Stamens 22-27; filaments white, poly- or 1 or 2-adelphous, sometimes free; anthers oblong, 2.5-3 mm long, yellow. Ovary barrel shaped; style cylindric, white; stigma capitate. Fruits subglobose or oblate, pitted, orange to red; seeds numerous, ovoid and smooth.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: October-December
  District(s): Kollam, Idukki, Wayanad, Palakkad
  Habitat: Cultivated
  Distribution: Native of China and Indonesia, cultivated in India
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): White
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: Yes
  Garden: No
  Edible: Yes
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Localities: Kulathupuzha
Kerala News Online
Website Hit Counters