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KERALA PLANTS - DVD
5094 plants; 880 exotics; 100 more multiple keys for finding plants; 20,000 more plant images; 6,800 local/trade/common names and more...>>>
   
 
  Cinchona calisaya
 
More images:..>> 21,000 images, 5094 plants; 880 exotics; 100 more multiple keys for finding plants; 6,800 local/trade/common names
  Family: RUBIACEAE
  Citation:  Cinchona calisaya Wedd., Ann. Sci. Nat. Bot. ser. 3, 10: 6. 1848; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 589(416). 1921. Cinchona calisaya Wedd. var. ledgeriana Howard, Quinol. Ind. Plant. 84. 1876; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 589(416). 1921. Quinquina ledgeriana (Howard) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 295. 1891.
  Malayalam Name(s):
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Quinine
  Description: Erect tree up to 20 m tall; branches spreading; bark thick, longitudinally and transversely fissured. Leaves opposite, 8-10 x 3.5-4.5 cm, oblong- elliptic, glabrous, glossy on the upper surface; petioles up to 1-2 cm long; stipules interpetiolar, conical, 1.5 x 1 cm. Flowers small, numerous, purplish to rose, fragrant, in few-flowered cymes on terminal, pyramidal panicles; bracts minute, ovate-acute. Calyx turbinate; lobes 5, minute, valvate. Corolla purplish to rose; tube 0.8-1.6 cm long, tomentose; lobes 5, lanceolate, spreading, with a fringe of white hairs along the margins. Stamens 5, not exserted; filaments 4-6 mm long; anthers 2-celled, dehiscing longitudinally. Ovary inferior, 2-celled, with numerous ovules on axile placentae; style 1, 1.8-2.2 cm long, with a 2-fid stigma. Fruit an ovoid-acute septicidal capsule 6-9 x 8 mm; seeds numerous, yellow, winged; wings elliptic-lanceolate, lacerate on the margins.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: September-January
  District(s): Idukki
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Cultivated
  Distribution: Native of South America
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Rose
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: Yes
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude:
  Localities:
   
 
   
 
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