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5094 plants; 880 exotics; 100 more multiple keys for finding plants; 20,000 more plant images; 6,800 local/trade/common names and more...>>>
  Chrysophyllum roxburghii
More images:..>> 21,000 images, 5094 plants; 880 exotics; 100 more multiple keys for finding plants; 6,800 local/trade/common names
  Citation:  Chrysophyllum roxburghii G. Don, Gen. Hist. 4: 33. 1837-1838; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 3: 535. 1882; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 758(533). 1921; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 265. 1990; Subram., Fl. Thenmala Div. 201. 1995; Sasidh. et al., Bot. Stud. Med. Pl. Kerala 33. 1996; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 264. 1996; Sasidh., Fl. Shenduruny WLS 187. 1997; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 394. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 226. 1998; Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 178. 2002; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 494. 2009. Donella roxburghii (Don) Pierre ex Lecomte, Fl. Indo-Chine 3: 897. 1930. Chrysophyllum lanceolatum (Blume) A. DC. in DC., Prodr. 8: 162. 1844, nom. illeg.; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 240. 1984; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 276. 1994. Nycterisition lanceolatum Blume, Bijdr. 676. 1826.
  Malayalam Name(s): Athappala, Mannanchakka, Kappalam, Noolambazham, Pulichakka
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Evergreen trees, to 30 m high, bark grey or pale brown, smooth, cracked vertically, inner bark fibrous; exudation milky; branches horizontal; young shoots densely ferruginous pubescent. Leaves simple, alternate, scattered, spreading distichously, estipulate; petiole 3-10 mm long, slender, pubescent; lamina 4-17 x 2-5 cm, elliptic, oblong, elliptic-oblong, oblong-lanceolate, base acute, apex acuminate or caudate-acuminate, margin entire, glabrous when mature, shiny, coriaceous; lateral nerves many, parallel, close, slender, looped near margin forming intramarginal nerve; intercostae reticulate. Flowers bisexual, green or greenish-white, in axillary fascicles, pedicels 3-5 mm long, pubescent; calyx lobes 5-6, sepals 2 x 1.5 mm, imbricate, concave, obtuse; corolla campanulate, lobes 5-6 tube, 0.7-1.2 mm long, 1 mm long, 1.5 mm wide, villous along margin, subacute; stamens 5-6, included; filaments subulate; anthers ovate; ovary densely hairy, 5-6 locular, superior, ovules one in each cell; style short, 1 mm long, glabrous; stigma blunt. Fruit a berry, globose, 3-5 cm across, yellowish-green; seeds brownish-yellow, subellipsoid, compressed, shiny.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: April-November
  District(s): Palakkad, Kollam, Idukki, Malappuram, Thiruvananthapuram, Thrissur, Wayanad
  Habitat: Evergreen forests
  Distribution: Tropical Asia
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): White
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Localities: Peechi, Vazhachal, Kattalappara, Koruthode, Muddalakottithode, Kariamchola, Ayyappankovil, Nadugani ghats, shola near Ranimade estate, Ariankavu
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