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KERALA PLANTS - DVD
5094 plants; 880 exotics; 100 more multiple keys for finding plants; 20,000 more plant images; 6,800 local/trade/common names and more...>>>
   
 
  Chrysophyllum cainito
 
More images:..>> 21,000 images, 5094 plants; 880 exotics; 100 more multiple keys for finding plants; 6,800 local/trade/common names
  Family: SAPOTACEAE
  Citation:  Chrysophyllum cainito L., Sp. Pl. 192. 1753; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 759(533). 1921; Manilal & Sivar., Fl. Calicut 156. 1982; Ansari, Fl. Kasaragod Div. 220. 1985; Antony, Syst. Stud. Fl. Kottayam Dist. 230. 1989; Babu, Fl. Malappuram Dist. 397. 1990; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 269. 1996; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 405. 2009; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 497. 2009.
  Malayalam Name(s):
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Caimito, Star Apple, Satin leaf, West Indian Star Apple
  Description: Trees, to 25 m high; bark greyish to dark brownish-black, vertically shallowly cracked; young parts golden-ferrugineous silky. Leaves simple, alternate, distichous, 5.5-14 × 2.5-7 cm, elliptic, elliptic-oblong, ovate or elliptic-ovate, apex obtusely acuminate or acuminate, base acute or obtuse, margin entire, glabrous and shining above, golden-ferrugineous silky beneath, coriaceous; petiole 8-20 mm long, stout, grooved above, silky pubescent; lateral nerves 10-26 pairs, parallel, prominent, intercostae reticulate, faint. Flowers bisexual, white, 5-20 in axillary fascicles; pedicels 0.5-1.5 cm long, silky. Sepals 5, 1.5-2 mm long, coppery, ovate, silky outside. Corolla 3.5-4 mm long; tube equalling the length of the lobes; lobes 5, ovate, silky outside. Stamens 5, included; anthers extrorse. Ovary superior, silky, ovules many; style included. Fruit a berry, 2.5-3 x 1 cm, white to purplish-black; broadly ellipsoid to globose; seeds 3-10, laterally compressed.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: July-September
  District(s): All Districts
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Cultivated, also runs wild
  Distribution: Native of West Indies
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Green, White
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: Yes
  Garden: No
  Edible: Yes
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude:
  Localities: Peechi, Taliparamba, Eramallur
   
 
   
 
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