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KERALA PLANTS - DVD
5094 plants; 880 exotics; 100 more multiple keys for finding plants; 20,000 more plant images; 6,800 local/trade/common names and more...>>>
   
 
  Cerbera odollam
 
More images:..>> 21,000 images, 5094 plants; 880 exotics; 100 more multiple keys for finding plants; 6,800 local/trade/common names
  Family: APOCYNACEAE
  Citation:  Cerbera odollam Gaertn., Fruct. 2: 193. 1791; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 3. 638. 1882; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 252. 1984; Ansari, Fl. Kasaragod Div. 227. 1985; Ramach. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Cannanore Dist. 276. 1988; Antony, Syst. Stud. Fl. Kottayam Dist. 240. 1989; Babu, Fl. Malappuram Dist. 413. 1990; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 290. 1994; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 422. 2009. Cerbera manghas L., Sp. Pl. 208. 1753, p.p; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 806(566). 1923; Manilal & Sivar., Fl. Calicut 163. 1982.
  Malayalam Name(s): Chattankai, Othallam, Odalam
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Chiute, Chatthankai, Dog-bane, Grey Milkwood, Sea Mango, Pong Pong Tree
  Description: Small evergreen trees, to 6 m high; bark greenish-brown; blaze creamy yellow; branchlets stout with prominent leaf scars, latex milky. Leaves simple, alternate, crowned at the end of branches, estipulate; petiole 8-35 mm long, slender, glabrous; lamina 10-25 x 2.5-6.5 cm, lanceolate or oblanceolate; base cuneate or attenuate; apex acuminate or acute; margin entire, glabrous, fleshy, bright green and shiny, membranous on drying; lateral nerves many, close, slender, parallel, looped near the margin forming intramarginal nerve; intercostae reticulate. Flowers bisexual, 5 cm across, white, in pseudoterminal cymes; calyx lobes 5, linear, recurved, eglandular; corolla lobes 5, tube funnel-shaped above the throat with 5 villous scales; stamens 5, small, included, anthers lanceolate, apiculate; disc absent; carpels 2, free, ovules 4 in each cell on both sides of thick placenta. Fruit a drupe, globose or ellipsoid, pericarp green turning rose; seeds 1 or 2 compressed.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: July-November
  District(s): Kottayam, Alappuzha, Kasaragode, Kollam, Kannur, Thiruvananthapuram, Malappuram, Kozhikkode, Thrissur
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Along the sides of water courses, ponds, in coastal areas and mangrove forests
  Distribution: Indo-Malesia
  Aquatic: Yes
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): White
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude:
  Localities: Ezhimala, Cannanore, Kumbla, Manjeswar, Veli, Kasaragod, Kuthiyathodu
   
 
   
 
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