Share web
 
 
 
Home Kerala Plants - DVD Search Kerala Plants Exotic Plants Garden Plants Trees Shrubs Climbers Medicinal Plants
 
KERALA PLANTS
Search Kerala Plants
Exotic Plants
Garden Plants
Trees
Herbs
Shrubs
Climbers
Medicinal Plants
GENERAL
Introduction
Location
Geology & Soil
Climate
Phytogeography
Vegetation
 
 
 
   
 
  Castilla elastica
 
  Family: MORACEAE
  Citation:  Castilla elastica Cerv., Gaz. Lit. Mexico Suppl. 7. 1794.
  Malayalam Name(s):
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Panamma Rubber, Castilla rubbertree
  Description: Tree-30 m high, buttressed; bark light grey, lenticellate in shallow longitudinal fissures; latex copious, white; vegetative branches wide-spreading with large leaves; flowering branches short, caducous, reaching 1-3 m long before abscission, small-leaved. Twigs, petioles, stipules and underside of the lamina villous with spreading, less often appressed, stiff, golden hairs 1-2 mm long, the upperside of the lamina thinly appressedly hairy. Lamina 20-57 x 1-25 cm on the long branches, oblong or oblong-obovate, acuminate, base cordate and often somewhat unequal, stiffly membranous to coriaceous, finely and closely ciliate-denticulate to subentire; lateral veins 16-22 pairs, 12 intercostals close and slightly raised below; basal veins 2-3 pairs, short; petiole 7-25 mm long, short and stout; stipules 3-6 cm long. Male heads usually bigeminate in groups of 4, turnip-shaped, compressed, conduplicate-flabellate, 20-37 mm wide; peduncle 2-15 mm long. Female heads smaller at anthesis than the males, subsessile. Syncarps 5-9 cm wide, 15-25 mm thick, orange-red, pulpy; seeds 8-10 x 6-7 mm; pale straw coloured.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting:
  District(s): Kollam
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Planted in parks and homesteads
  Distribution: Native of South Mexico and Colombia; occasionally planted in coffee estates
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s):
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: Yes
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude:
  Localities:
   
 
   
 
Kerala News Online
 
 
 
 
 
Website Hit Counters