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KERALA PLANTS - DVD
5094 plants; 880 exotics; 100 more multiple keys for finding plants; 20,000 more plant images; 6,800 local/trade/common names and more...>>>
   
 
  Castilla elastica
 
More images:..>> 21,000 images, 5094 plants; 880 exotics; 100 more multiple keys for finding plants; 6,800 local/trade/common names
  Family: MORACEAE
  Citation:  Castilla elastica Cerv., Gaz. Lit. Mexico Suppl. 7. 1794.
  Malayalam Name(s):
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Panamma Rubber, Castilla rubbertree
  Description: Tree-30 m high, buttressed; bark light grey, lenticellate in shallow longitudinal fissures; latex copious, white; vegetative branches wide-spreading with large leaves; flowering branches short, caducous, reaching 1-3 m long before abscission, small-leaved. Twigs, petioles, stipules and underside of the lamina villous with spreading, less often appressed, stiff, golden hairs 1-2 mm long, the upperside of the lamina thinly appressedly hairy. Lamina 20-57 x 1-25 cm on the long branches, oblong or oblong-obovate, acuminate, base cordate and often somewhat unequal, stiffly membranous to coriaceous, finely and closely ciliate-denticulate to subentire; lateral veins 16-22 pairs, 12 intercostals close and slightly raised below; basal veins 2-3 pairs, short; petiole 7-25 mm long, short and stout; stipules 3-6 cm long. Male heads usually bigeminate in groups of 4, turnip-shaped, compressed, conduplicate-flabellate, 20-37 mm wide; peduncle 2-15 mm long. Female heads smaller at anthesis than the males, subsessile. Syncarps 5-9 cm wide, 15-25 mm thick, orange-red, pulpy; seeds 8-10 x 6-7 mm; pale straw coloured.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting:
  District(s): Kollam
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Planted in parks and homesteads
  Distribution: Native of South Mexico and Colombia; occasionally planted in coffee estates
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s):
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: Yes
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude:
  Localities:
   
 
   
 
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