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  Casearia graveolens
  Citation:  Casearia graveolens Dalz. in Hook.'s J. Bot. Kew Gard. Misc. 4: 107. 1852; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 2: 592. 1879; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 520(367). 1919; R.L. Mitra in B.D. Sharma & N.P. Balakr., Fl. India 2: 394. 1993; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 60. 1994; Subram., Fl. Thenmala Div. 14. 1995; N.P. Balakr. in P. Daniel, Fl. Kerala 1: 263. 2005.
  Malayalam Name(s): Annavananni, Cherukannan
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Shrub or small tree, to 8 m high, deciduous; branchlets angled at tips, glabrous. Leaves distichous, broadly elliptic, oblong-elliptic or ovate, rounded at base, subentire or crenulate, obtuse or shortly acute to acuminate at apex, 10-20 x 4-8 cm, stiff-coriaceous when old, glabrous; leaves at base of twigs smaller; lateral nerves 7-9 pairs, slender, raised and prominent beneath; petioles 6-19 mm long; stipules linear, acute, 2-4 mm long, caducous. Flowers in dense clusters from leaf axils or leafless axils, greenish; pedicels jointed at or above base, glabrous above point of joint, golden-pubescent below. Calyx gland-dotted pubescent at base, sometimes golden-pubescent above, green; lobes 5, oblong-ovate, concave. Stamens 6-8;filaments glabrous, alternating with linear-oblong villous disc lobes. Styles as long as stamens with discoid stigma. Fruits subglobose to broadly ellipsoid or oblong, 2-2.5 cm long, shining, smooth, orange-yellow, 3-valved; seeds 10-12, ovoid, ca 5 x 3 mm, compressed with scarlet aril.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: November-March
  District(s): Kollam, Thiruvananthapuram
  Habitat: Deciduous forests
  Distribution: Pakistan to Indo-China
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Green
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Localities: Thenmalai, Kulathupuzha
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