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  Capsicum annuum var. annuum
 
  Family: SOLANACEAE
  Citation:  Capsicum annuum L., Sp. Pl. 188. 1753, var. annuum; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 941(661). 1923; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 279. 1984; Antony, Syst. Stud. Fl. Kottayam Dist. 275. 1989; Subram., Fl. Thenmala Div. 245. 1995; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 466. 1997; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 575. 2009. Capsicum annuum L. var. acuminata Fingerh., Mon. Gen. Caps. 13, t.2, f.c. 1832; Manilal & Sivar., Fl. Calicut 190. 1982; Ansari, Fl. Kasaragod Div. 249. 1985; Babu, Fl. Malappuram Dist. 494. 1990. Capsicum purpureum Roxb., Fl. Ind. 1: 573. 1832. Capsicum frutescens Clarke in Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 4: 239. 1883, non L. Capsicum annuum L. var. longum Sendt., Flora 28: 172. 1845. Capsicum bicolor Jacq., Fragm. 66. t. 99. f. 1. 1805.
  Malayalam Name(s):
  Tamil name(s): Chuvannamulaku, Kappalmulaku, Mulaku, Pachamulaku
  English name(s): Cayenne pepper, Chilly, Long chilly, Red chilly, Red or Sweet peppers, Sapnish pimento
  Description: Subshrubs, 60-150 cm high, usually laxly branched; stem angular, ± pubescent, especially on the younger parts. Leaves solitary or paired, 2-10 x 1-4 cm, ovate to lanceolate, acuminate; petioles 0.5-3 cm long. Flowers usually solitary, pendent at least in fruit. Calyx ± truncate, undulate. Corolla lobes lanceolate, 4 mm long, widely spreading. Fruit pendent, oblong-ovoid, ± acute, ca 5 cm long (see note below), yellow turning reddish, shining; seeds smooth, 3-5 mm diameter, yellow.
  Habit: Shrub
  Flowering & Fruiting: Throughout the year
  District(s): All Districts
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Cultivated
  Distribution: Native to West Indies; widely cultivated all over the world
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): White
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: Yes
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: Yes
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude:
  Localities: Kasaragod, Vandalodu
   
 
   
 
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