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  Capparis grandiflora
  Citation:  Capparis grandiflora Wall. ex Hook.f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 174. 1872; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 45(32). 1915; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 56. 1990; Sundararagh. in B.D. Sharma & N.P. Balakr., Fl. India 2: 273. 1993; R. Sundara. & N.P. Balakr. in P. Daniel, Fl. Kerala 1: 230. 2005. Capparis pyrifolia Wight, Ic. t. 1047. 1846, non Lam. 1785.
  Malayalam Name(s):
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Erect or low, scrambling and spreading shrub, 0.5-2 m high; twigs coarsely stellate-pubescent; spines copious, 2-3 mm long, recurved; cataphylls absent. Leaves elliptic-ovate to suborbicular, subcordate to rounded at base, acute or obtuse-mucronate at apex, 1.5-3.5 x 1.2-2 cm, subcoriaceous, shining, glabrous above, pubescent beneath; midnerve sunken; lateral nerves 3 or 4 pairs; petioles 1.5-3 mm. Flower solitary, axillary, showy, 1-1.5 cm long, puberulous. Sepals subequal, 12-18 x 5-8 mm, tomentose; outer pair boat shaped, glabrous outside, villous inside towards margin; inner pair ovate to obovate, villous outside, glabrous inside. Petals obovate-triangled, subtruncate, 2.5-3 x 0.9-1.4 cm, glabrous, white. Stamens 65-100, exceeding pistil; filaments white; anthers blue to pinkish. Gynophore 2-2.5 cm long, glabrous. Ovary oblong to ovoid-ellipsoid, beaked, 6-8 mm long, glabrous; stigma cushion-shaped, 1.5-2 mm across, puberulous. Fruits ellipsoid or ovoid, beaked, 5-7.5 x 2-4 mm, 5 or 6 ribbed, red; pericarp adhering to seed; seeds many, 5-7 x 5.5-6.5 mm; stalks 3.5-4 cm x ca 2 mm.
  Habit: Shrub
  Flowering & Fruiting: April-June
  District(s): Palakkad
  Habitat: Dry deciduous forests
  Distribution: Southern Western Ghats
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): White
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to: Southern Western Ghats
  IUCN status:
  Localities: Nemmara, Karappa
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