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KERALA PLANTS - DVD
5094 plants; 880 exotics; 100 more multiple keys for finding plants; 20,000 more plant images; 6,800 local/trade/common names and more...>>>
   
 
  Calophyllum polyanthum
 
More images:..>> 21,000 images, 5094 plants; 880 exotics; 100 more multiple keys for finding plants; 6,800 local/trade/common names
  Family: CLUSIACEAE/GUTTIFERAE
  Citation:  Calophyllum polyanthum Wall. ex Choisy, Descr. Guttif. Ind. 43. 1849; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 79. 1984; Manilal, Fl. Silent Valley 19. 1988; N.P. Singh in B.D. Sharma & Sanjappa, Fl. India 3: 94. 1993; Sasidh. et al., Bot. Stud. Med. Pl. Kerala 22,30. 1996; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 52. 1996; Sasidh., Fl. Shenduruny WLS 30. 1997; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 68. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 24. 1998; Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 21. 2002; Mohanan & Sivad., Fl. Agasthyamala 82. 2002; W. Arisdason & P. Daniel in P. Daniel, Fl. Kerala 1: 333. 2005; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 134. 2009. Calophyllum elatum Bedd., Fl. Sylv. t. 2. 1869; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 76(54). 1915. Calophyllum tomentosum sensu Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 274. 1874, non Wight 1839.
  Malayalam Name(s): Malampunna, Kattupunna, Punna, Pinnapai, Punnappine
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Poonspar tree, Sirpoon tree
  Description: Lofty trees, to 35 m high, bole straight, sometimes with small buttresses; bark 15-16 mm thick, surface yellowish-brown, deeply spirally fissured; branchlets subquadrangular, minutely brown tomentose. Leaves simple, opposite, decussate, 8-12.5 x 3-8 cm, elliptic, elliptic-lanceolate, apex acute or acuminate, base acute, margin entire, glabrous, shining, coriaceous; lateral nerves many, slender, parallel, close, prominent, intercostae obscure; petiole 12-25 mm long, slender, grooved above, glabrescent. Flowers bisexual, white, in panicles or racemes, terminal and from the axils of the upper leaves; peduncle slender; pedicel 1-1.5 cm long, slender, white, sparsely to densely tomentellous. Sepals 4, concave, elliptic, outer ones reflexed, ciliolate, inner 2 petalloid, 7.5 mm long. Petals 4, 5 mm across, white, orbicular, early cauducous, inner ones smaller. Stamens numerous, 4 mm long; filaments united at the base. Ovary superior, slender, 1-celled, ovule one, erect; style 2 mm long, flexuous; stigma peltate, concave, obscurely lobed. Fruit a drupe, 2-2.5 cm long, obliquely ovoid, dark purple, smooth.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: June-September
  District(s): Palakkad, Kollam, Idukki, Malappuram, Thiruvananthapuram, Thrissur, Kozhikkode, Wayanad, Kannur
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Evergreen forests
  Distribution: Indo-Malesia and China
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): White
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude: 300-600
  Localities: Peechi, Choodal, Sabarimala, Pezha, Campshed area, Thalichola, Meenmutty
   
 
   
 
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