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KERALA PLANTS - DVD
5094 plants; 880 exotics; 100 more multiple keys for finding plants; 20,000 more plant images; 6,800 local/trade/common names and more...>>>
   
 
  Calamus karnatakensis
 
More images:..>> 21,000 images, 5094 plants; 880 exotics; 100 more multiple keys for finding plants; 6,800 local/trade/common names
  Family: ARECACEAE/PALMAE
  Citation:  Calamus karnatakensis Renuka & Lakshmana, RIC Bull. 9: 10. 1990; Renuka, Rattans W. Ghats 33.1992; Rangan et al., Rheedea 13: 77. 2003
  Malayalam Name(s): Kannikkodi
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: High climbing, clustering rattans; stem 35 m or more long, up to 3 cm with sheath and up to 2 cm without sheath in diameter. Leaves to 1.5 m long, ecirrate; leaf sheath brown tomentose when young, yellow when mature, densely armed with 2-2.5 cm long spines, often forming half spiral, pointing upwards, spines at mouth of the sheath up to 4 cm long; knee conspicuous, wrinkled, yellowish; ochrea up to 6 cm long, with short spines; petiole up to 30 cm long, armed with up to 1 cm long brown spines; rachis up to 1.8 cm wide, splines along lateral side of the rachis up to 3 cm long, spines on ventral side 1 cm long, pointing upwards; leaflets regular, ca 50 x 2.5 cm, 3-veined, veins and margins spinulose, terminal pair basely united. Inflorescence long, flagellate; partial inflorescence many, primary and secondary sheath compact when young; split when mature, often becoming laminar, secondary sheaths funnel shaped, spinulose; rachillae up to 15 cm long, involucrophorum sessile, arising from within the sheath, involucre cupular and sessile. Fruits globose, 8 mm across, scales in 19 rows, straw yellow with chesnut-brown margins, pale violet when ripe; endosperm not ruminate.
  Habit: Climber
  Flowering & Fruiting: October-May
  District(s): Malappuram
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Evergreen and semi-evergreen forests
  Distribution: Southern Western Ghats
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Creamy, Yellow
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Monocotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to: Southern Western Ghats
  IUCN status:
  Altitude:
  Localities:
   
 
   
 
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