Share web
 
 
 
Home Kerala Plants - DVD Search Kerala Plants Exotic Plants Garden Plants Trees Shrubs Climbers Medicinal Plants
 
KERALA PLANTS
Search Kerala Plants
Exotic Plants
Garden Plants
Trees
Herbs
Shrubs
Climbers
Medicinal Plants
GENERAL
Introduction
Location
Geology & Soil
Climate
Phytogeography
Vegetation
 
KERALA PLANTS - DVD
5094 plants; 880 exotics; 100 more multiple keys for finding plants; 20,000 more plant images; 6,800 local/trade/common names and more...>>>
   
 
  Butea monosperma
 
More images:..>> 21,000 images, 5094 plants; 880 exotics; 100 more multiple keys for finding plants; 6,800 local/trade/common names
  Family: FABACEAE/LEGUMINOSAE (Subfam.: Papilionoideae)
  Citation:  Butea monosperma (Lam.) Taub. in Engl. & Prantl, Naturl. Pflanzenfam. 3(3): 366. 1894; Manilal & Sivar., Fl. Calicut 90. 1982; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 138. 1984; Ansari, Fl. Kasaragod Div. 117. 1985; Manilal, Fl. Silent Valley 70. 1988; Ramach. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Cannanore Dist. 127. 1988; Babu, Fl. Malappuram Dist. 165. 1990; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 147. 1990; Sanjappa, Legumes Ind. 99. 1992; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 205. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Chinnar WLS 85. 1999; Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 84. 2002; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 200. 2009; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 266. 2009. Erythrina monosperma Lam., Encycl. 1: 391. 1785. Butea frondosa Koenig ex Roxb., Asiat. Res. 3: 369. 1792 & Pl. Corom. t. 21. 1795; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 2: 194. 1876; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 357(252). 1918.
  Malayalam Name(s): Brahmavriksham, Chamatha, Mukkappuyam, Plasu, Palasinsamatha
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Flame of the forest, Bastard teak, Bengal kino tree
  Description: Deciduous trees, to10 m high, bole crooked, irregular; bark 5-6 mm thick, grey to greyish-brown; exudation red; branchlets densely tomentose. Leaves trifoliate, alternate; stipules small, lateral, cauducous; rachis 12-20 cm long, stout, pubescent, pulvinate; stipels subulate; petiolule 5-10 mm long, stout, pubescent; lateral leaflets 8.8-13.7 x 5.5-11 cm, broadly oblong-ovate or suborbicular, base oblique, apex obtuse, terminal leaflet 11-15 x 12.5-15 cm, widely rhomboid, base obtuse, apex emarginate, silky pubescent on both sides when young, glabrous above, silky pubescent beneath when mature, margin entire, coriaceous; lateral nerves 4-8 pairs, pinnate, prominent; intercostae scalariform, prominent. Flowers bisexual, 5 cm long, bright red, in terminal or axillary, densely fascicled, racemes; calyx broadly campanulate, teeth 5, deltoid, short, upper 2 connate, velvety; corolla much exserted; petals 5, standard petal 5 x 2.5 cm, lanceolate, clawed, wings falcate 4.5 x 1.5 cm adnate to keel, keel united 4.5 x 3 cm, curved; stamens 9 + 1; vexillary stamens free; anthers uniform; ovary 2.5 cm, inferior, 1-celled, ovules2; style long, incurved, beardless; stigma small. Fruit a pod, 12.5-28 cm long, oblong, the base flat, wing-like and indehiscent, the tip splitting round the apical seed; seed obovate, compressed.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: March-April
  District(s): Palakkad, Alappuzha, Kasaragode, Kollam, Idukki, Malappuram, Kannur, Kozhikkode, Wayanad, Thrissur, Thiruvananthapuram
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Dry and moist deciduous forests, also grown in the plains
  Distribution: Tropical Asia
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Orange
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude:
  Localities: Chinnar, Kariamchola, Panthenthode border, Begur, Karimbam, Parappa, Taliparamba, Mangalam Dam area, Mukkali forests, Karumudi, Karimpuzha
   
 
   
 
Pookalam Designs
 
 
 
 
 
Website Hit Counters