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  Boswellia serrata
  Citation:  Boswellia serrata Roxb. ex Coleb., Asiat. Res. 9: 379. t. 5. 1807; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 528. 1875; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 168(120). 1915; V. Chithra & A.N. Henry in Hajra et al., Fl. India 4: 432. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Chinnar WLS 59. 1999; A.N. Henry & V. Chithra in P. Daniel, Fl. Kerala 1: 627. 2005. Boswellia serrata Roxb. ex Coleb. var. glabra (Roxb.) Bennett in Hook.f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 528. 1875. Boswellia glabra Roxb., Pl. Corom. t. 207. 1811; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 168(120). 1915.
  Malayalam Name(s): Kungilyam, Kunthurukkam, Mukundam, Mukkana, Palankam, Parangisambrani, Sambrani, Salamaram
  Tamil name(s): Shallaki
  English name(s): Indian frankincense tree, Indian oilbanum tree, Olibanum, Frankincense
  Description: Deciduous trees, to 20 m high, bark yellowish-white with dark blotches, exfoliations thin, papery, smooth flakes; blaze red; exudation white gum-resin; branchlets pubescent. Leaves imparipinnate, alternate, apically clustered, estipulate; rachis 11-44 cm, slender, pubescent, swollen at base; leaflets 15-31, sessile or subsessile, opposite or subopposite; lamina 0.8-9.5 x 0.5-3.5 cm, elliptic-oblong, oblong-lanceolate, oblong-ovate, base oblique, acute, apex obtuse, margin entire or crenate, chartaceous, glabrous; lateral nerves 8-14 pairs, pinnate, faint, intercostae reticulate, faint. Flowers bisexual, small, white, in axillary or subterminal fascicled racemes; calyx pubescent, tube broadly campanulate, short; lobes 5-7, persistent; petals 5-7, 7 x 2.5-4 mm, white, ovate-oblong, shortly clawed, inflexed at apex pubescent out side except margin; disc annular, crenate, free from calyx; stamens 10, free, filaments alternately longer and shorter connective produced beyond the anther lobe; ovary sessile, superior, ovoid, 3-celled, ovules 2 in each cell; style to 3 mm, grooved; stigma 3-lobed. Fruit a drupe, ovoid, trigonous; pyrenes 3; seed 3.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: January-August
  District(s): Idukki
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Dry deciduous forests
  Distribution: India
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Pink, White
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude: 250-900
  Localities: Gellimala
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