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KERALA PLANTS - DVD
5094 plants; 880 exotics; 100 more multiple keys for finding plants; 20,000 more plant images; 6,800 local/trade/common names and more...>>>
   
 
  Berberis tinctoria
 
More images:..>> 21,000 images, 5094 plants; 880 exotics; 100 more multiple keys for finding plants; 6,800 local/trade/common names
  Family: BERBERIDACEAE
  Citation:  Berberis tinctoria Lesch., Mem. Paris 9: 306. 1822; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 32(23). 1915; R.R. Rao & B.D. Naithani in B. D. Sharma et al., Fl. India 1: 386. 1993; Swarup. et al., Shola For. Kerala 43. 1998; N.C. Nair in P. Daniel, Fl. Kerala 1: 197. 2005; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 109. 2009.
  Malayalam Name(s): Kozhikkal-mullu
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Evergreen, erect shrub, variable in size and form, often 1-2 m high, in forests to 4 m high; stems furrowed, pale brown; wood very tough, bright yellow; spines 3-fid, 1.5-3 cm long. Leaves obovate, entire, rarely with 1 or 2 spinules, obtuse, mucronate, 1.5-3.5 x 0.7-1.3 cm, thick, purplish when young, papillose, dull above, pruinose beneath; petioles 2-5 mm long. Flowers in 10-20 flowered racemes or panicles, 3.5-5 cm long, yellow; pedicels 5-10 mm long, red. Prophylls ca 1 x 0.5 mm. Outer sepals obovate, acute ca 7 x 5 mm; the inner ovate or obovate, obtuse, ca 4 x 2.5 mm. Petals obovate, ca 6 x 4.5 mm, clawed; claws glandular at base. Stamens ca 5 mm long, short apiculate. Ovary stipitate. Berries spindle shaped, 9-10 x ca 5 mm excluding 1-1.5 mm long dry style and large round stigma still attached, purplish red turning dark blue with glaucous bloom.
  Habit: Shrub
  Flowering & Fruiting: February-June
  District(s): Idukki, Wayanad
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Shola forests
  Distribution: India, Afghanistan and Bhutan
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Yellow
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude:
  Localities:
   
 
   
 
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