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KERALA PLANTS - DVD
5094 plants; 880 exotics; 100 more multiple keys for finding plants; 20,000 more plant images; 6,800 local/trade/common names and more...>>>
   
 
  Benkara malabarica
 
More images:..>> 21,000 images, 5094 plants; 880 exotics; 100 more multiple keys for finding plants; 6,800 local/trade/common names
  Family: RUBIACEAE
  Citation:  Benkara malabarica (Lam.) Tirveng., Taxon 32: 440. 1983; Babu, Fl. Malappuram Dist. 318. 1990; Subram., Fl. Thenmala Div. 181. 1995; Sasidh., Fl. Chinnar WLS 145. 1999; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 341. 2009. Randia malabarica Lam., Encycl. 3: 25.1789; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 3: 111. 1880; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 616(435). 1921. Griffithia fragrans (Roxb.) Wight & Arn., Prodr. 400. 1834. Gardenia fragrans Roxb., Pl. Corom. 2: 19. t.137. 1800. Xeromphis malabarica (Lam.) Raju, Excurs. Himachala. Hills 13. 1966. Catunaregam malabaricum (Lam.) Sivar. in Manilal & Sivar., Manilal & Sivar., Fl. Calicut 131. 1982. 1982.
  Malayalam Name(s): Cholakara
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Armed large shrubs; spines in axillary pairs. Leaves 2-7 x 1.5-3.5 cm, elliptic, oblanceolate or obovate, base cuneate, apex obtuse or rounded, coriaceous; petiole to 7 mm long. Flowers in axillary corymbose cymes; pedicels 5-7 mm long; bracts and bracteoles free or connate. Calyx c. 4 mm long, tubular; teeth 5, triangular-acute. Corolla white, c. 1.8 cm across, salver-shaped; tube 5-7 mm long; lobes 5, oblong, acute, reflexed. Stamens 5, between the lobes, exserted; anthers c. 7 mm long, linear. Berry 0.8 - 1.2 cm across, subglobose, scarlet. Seeds many, not embedded in pulp.
  Habit: Shrub
  Flowering & Fruiting: January-May
  District(s): Alappuzha, Kozhikkode, Idukki, Kollam, Malappuram, Thrissur
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Moist deciduous forests and scrub jungles
  Distribution: Peninsular India and Sri Lanka
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): White, Yellow
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude:
  Localities: Mangavada, Vandanam, Ariankavu
   
 
   
 
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