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  Benincasa hispida
  Citation:  Benincasa hispida (Thunb.) Cogn. in A. & C. DC., Monogr. Phan 3: 513. 1881; Manilal & Sivar., Fl. Calicut 121. 1982; Chakrav., Fasc. Fl. Ind. 11: 9. 1982; Antony, Syst. Stud. Fl. Kottayam Dist. 181. 1989; Babu, Fl. Malappuram Dist. 284. 1990; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 317. 2009. Cucurbita hispida Thunb., Fl. Jap. 322. 1784. Benincasa cerifera Savi., Bibl. Ital. 9: 158. 1818; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 2: 616. 1879; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 543(383). 1919.
  Malayalam Name(s): Elavan, Kumbalam, Neyakumbalam,
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Ash gourd, Wax gourd, White gourd melon
  Description: Monoecious, hispid climbers; tendrils 2-3-fid. Leaves large, to 25 x 25cm, orbicular-cordate, 5-7-lobed, margin irregularly dentate, scabrous; petiole to 15 cm long. Flowers axillary, solitary. Calyx tube 10-13 mm across, broadly campanulate; lobes 8-12 x 3-5 mm, lanceolate. Corolla yellow; petals 5, 3-5 cm long obovate. Stamens in male flowers 3, inserted at the calyx tube; anthers sigmoid-flexuous; connectives 3-lobed; pistillode short. Ovary in female flowers ovoid, densely pubescent; ovules many; style thick 2-3 mm long. Fruits large, succulent, densely hairy when young, with a thick waxy deposit when mature. Seeds 8-12 x 5-7 mm, avoid, compressed, yellowish white, marginate.
  Habit: Climber
  Flowering & Fruiting: June-October
  District(s): All Districts
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Cultivated
  Distribution: Wild in Java; now widely naturalised in Tropical Asia
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Yellow
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: Yes
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: Yes
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Localities: Palmel
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