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  Bauhinia variegata
  Family: FABACEAE/LEGUMINOSAE (Subfam.: Caesalpinioideae)
  Citation:  Bauhinia variegata L., Sp. Pl. 375. 1753; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 2: 284. 1878; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 407(288). 1919; Ramach. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Cannanore Dist. 163. 1988; Sanjappa, Legumes Ind. 6. 1992; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 331. 2009. Phanera variegata (L.) Benth. in Miq., Pl. Jungh. 261. 1852.
  Malayalam Name(s): Chuvannamandaram, Malayakathi, Kovidaram, Mandaram, Kongu
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Variegated bauhinia, Mountain ebony, Orchid tree, Purple orchid tree
  Description: A medium sized tree with dark brown nearly smooth bark; young shoots pubescent. Leaves petiolate, petiole 2-3.8 cm long; lamina c. 4.5-15 cm long, as broad as or rather broader than long, with a medium cleft reaching from 1 /4 to 1/3 the way down, lobes obtuse, the base is deeply heart shaped, 9-15 nerved, pubescent beneath when young. Inflorescence few flowered pubescent raceme. Pedicel short or absent, bracteole minute; hypanthium slender, c. 1.2-2.5 cm long. Calyx 2.0-2.7 cm long, tomentose, 5 toothed at the apex. Petals 5-6.3 cm long, obovate, with long rather broad claw, all white or 4 petals pale purple and fifth darker with purple veins. Stamens 5, fertile, no staminodes. Ovary hairy, stipe 10-17 mm long; style long, stigma capitate. Pods 15.0-30 cm long, c. 1-2.5 cm broad, hard, flat, dehiscent 10-15 seeded; stipe glabrous.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: September-May
  District(s): All Districts
  Habitat: Cultivated as ornamental plant
  Distribution: Possibly native of China; wild in the sub Himalayan and India
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Pink, White
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: Yes
  Garden: Yes
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:

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