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5094 plants; 880 exotics; 100 more multiple keys for finding plants; 20,000 more plant images; 6,800 local/trade/common names and more...>>>
  Bauhinia malabarica
More images:..>> 21,000 images, 5094 plants; 880 exotics; 100 more multiple keys for finding plants; 6,800 local/trade/common names
  Family: FABACEAE/LEGUMINOSAE (Subfam.: Caesalpinioideae)
  Citation:  Bauhinia malabarica Roxb., Fl. Ind. 2: 321. 1832; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 2: 227. 1878; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 407(288). 1919; Ramach. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Cannanore Dist. 162. 1988; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 179. 1990; Sanjappa, Legumes Ind. 3. 1992; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 163. 1994; Subram., Fl. Thenmala Div. 111. 1995; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 159. 1996; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 228. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 119. 1998; Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 106. 2002; Mohanan & Sivad., Fl. Agasthyamala 227. 2002; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 318. 2009. Piliostigma malabaricum (Roxb.) Benth. in Miq., Pl. Jungh. 261. 1852; Ansari, Fl. Kasaragod Div. 146. 1985.
  Malayalam Name(s): Arampuli, Vellamandara
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Malabar bauhinia, Mountain ebony
  Description: Deciduous trees, to 15 m high, bark 10-15 mm thick, brown, rough, shallow with vertical and horizontal furrows, fibrous, exfoliating in long strips. Leaves simple, bilobed, alternate, 5-10 x 7-12.5 cm, broader than long, suborbicular, apex obtuse, base cordate, margin entire, glabrous above, slightly glaucous beneath, coriaceous; stipules small, free, lateral, cauducous; petiole 25-30 mm long, slender, glabrous, swollen at tip and base; 9-11 nerves from the base, palmate, prominent, intercostae reticulate, prominent. Flowers bisexual, 6-8 mm across, cream coloured, in axillary corymbs; pedicels slender, upto 2.5 cm. Calyx tube long, thin, pubescent with 5 short lobes. Petals 5, oblong. Stamens 10, all fertile, alternate ones short; anthers versatile. Ovary half inferior, stipitate; ovules many; style filiform; stigma peltate. Fruit a pod, 25-30 x 1.8-2.5 cm, straight, flattened, beaked, longitudinally striate, and glabrous; seeds 20-30, oblong.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: September-March
  District(s): Palakkad, Kasaragode, Idukki, Malappuram, Kannur, Thiruvananthapuram, Kollam, Thrissur, Wayanad
  Habitat: Deciduous forests
  Distribution: Indo-Malesia
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Creamy
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude: 300-700
  Localities: Peechi, Elanad, Koruthode, Kothala, Tolpetty, Parappa, Chindaki forest, Kaikatty forests-Pothundy, Nedumkayam, Kavalamukata, Thenmalai, Ariankavu, Kulathupuzha, Kappukadu
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