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  Bambusa balcooa
  Citation:  Bambusa balcooa Roxb., Fl. Ind. 2: 196. 1832; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 7: 391. 1896; Seethalakshmi & Muktesh, Bamboos of India 37. 1998. Dendrocalamus balcooa (Roxb.) Voigt, Hort. Suburb. Calcutt. 718. 1845.
  Malayalam Name(s):
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Tall caespitose bamboo; culms 12-20 m high and 8-15 cm in diameter, grayish green, thick-walled; nodes thickened with a whitish ring above, hairy below; internodes 20-40 cm long; branches from the lower nodes leafless and hard, mostly spreading, sometimes thorn-like; young shoots blackish-green, green with yellow, brown or orange tinged culm-sheath, clothed sparsely with dark brown hairs: Culm-sheaths green when young, deciduous, tapering above and rounded at tip, adaxial surface glabrous, abaxial surface with densely appressed dark brown hairs, margin ciliate; lower ones much shorter and broader than upper ones; blade 6-8 cm long, 5-7 cm broad, triangular, acute to acuminate, adaxial surface with dark brown pubescence, margin ciliate; ligule 5-8 mm high, denticulate, membranous; auricles absent or very small, ciliate. Leaves 15-30 x, 2.5-5 cm, oblong-lanceolate, glabrous above, pale and puberulous beneath, margins rough, apex pointed, sub cordate, or rounded at base with a short petiole. Inflorescence a large panicle, bearing spikate branching with bracteate heads, 0.6-1.2 cm x 4-6 mm with 0-2 empty glumes; empty glumes ovate-acute, many- nerved; flowering glumes similar but larger, ciliate on the edges; palea as long as flowering glumes, ovate-acute, 2-keeled, long, fimbriate on the edges. Stamens hardly exserted; anthers glabrous; style hairy; stigma 3, plumose.
  Habit: Shrub
  Flowering & Fruiting:
  District(s): Thrissur, Malappuram, Thiruvananthapuram
  Habitat: Cultivated
  Distribution: Native of North East India, introduced elsewhere
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s):
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Monocotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: Yes
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
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