Share web
 
 
 
Home Kerala Plants - DVD Search Kerala Plants Exotic Plants Garden Plants Trees Shrubs Climbers Medicinal Plants
 
KERALA PLANTS
Search Kerala Plants
Exotic Plants
Garden Plants
Trees
Herbs
Shrubs
Climbers
Medicinal Plants
GENERAL
Introduction
Location
Geology & Soil
Climate
Phytogeography
Vegetation
 
KERALA PLANTS - DVD
5094 plants; 880 exotics; 100 more multiple keys for finding plants; 20,000 more plant images; 6,800 local/trade/common names and more...>>>
   
 
  Avicennia marina
 
More images:..>> 21,000 images, 5094 plants; 880 exotics; 100 more multiple keys for finding plants; 6,800 local/trade/common names
  Family: AVICENNIACEAE
  Citation:  Avicennia marina (Forssk.) Vierh. in Denkschr., Akad. 71: 435. 1907; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 1106(774). 1924; Manilal & Sivar., Fl. Calicut 234. 1982; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 311. 1984; Babu, Fl. Malappuram Dist. 628. 1990; Anupama & Sivad., Rheedea 14: 15. 2004; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 570. 2009. Secura marina Forssk., Fl. Aeg.-Arab. 137. 1775.
  Malayalam Name(s): Chakkapoo, Cheru uppatti, Orei
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Gray Mangrove, Grey Avicennia
  Description: Much branched evergreen trees to 7 m high, pneumatophores, straight, pencil like, brown; bark grey, yellowish-grey or brown, smooth, occasionally flaky; branchlets more or less 4-angled, swollen at nodes. Leaves simple, opposite, decussate, estipulate; petiole 2-8 mm long, stout, yellowish-green with a basal groove having dark or black marginal hairs continuous in a line across the node; lamina 1.8-10.2 x 1-5 cm, ovate, lanceolate, narrowly elliptic-oblong or elliptic-ovate; base cuneate; apex acute; margin entire, glabrous above, silvery white tomentose beneath, coriaceous; lateral nerves 4-7 pairs, parallel, obscure; intercostae reticulate, faint. Flowers bisexual, yellow, 5 mm long, in axillary or terminal compound spikes; peduncle to 8 cm long; flowers arranged in dense capitate units; bracts 2 x 1.5 mm, small, triangular, brownish-green, glabrous within, densely pubescent, bracteoles 2, similar to bracts, both persistent in the fruit; calyx brownish-green, sepals 5, slightly united at base, 3 x 2 mm, unequal, triangular, acute, glabrous within, densely pubescent outside, persistent; corolla yellow, glabrous within, fleshy, silvery pubescent outside, corolla tube upto 1.5 mm long, lobes 4, 2.5 x 2.5 mm, subequal, elliptic, reflexed and blackens on maturity; stamens as many as corolla lobes, filaments very short; anthers bilobed; ovary 2.5 mm long, imperfectly unilocular; ovules 4, pendulous, attached to the tip of the central 4-winged axis; style short, solid; stigma 2-lobed. Fruit a capsule, greenish, 2.5 x 1.8 cm, more or less rounded, apex acute, pericarp thick, coriaceous, silvery tomentose; seed one.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: March-July
  District(s): Alappuzha, Kollam, Kozhikkode, Malappuram, Thrissur, Kannur, Kasaragode, Kottayam, Ernakulam
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Along backwaters and rmangrove forests
  Distribution: Paleotropics
  Aquatic: Yes
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Yellow, Orange
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude:
  Localities: Kumbolichira
   
 
   
 
Pookalam Designs
 
 
 
 
 
Website Hit Counters