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5094 plants; 880 exotics; 100 more multiple keys for finding plants; 20,000 more plant images; 6,800 local/trade/common names and more...>>>
  Artocarpus hirsutus
More images:..>> 21,000 images, 5094 plants; 880 exotics; 100 more multiple keys for finding plants; 6,800 local/trade/common names
  Family: MORACEAE
  Citation:  Artocarpus hirsutus Lam., Encycl. 3: 210. 1789; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 5: 541. 1888; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 1369(957). 1928; Manilal & Sivar., Fl. Calicut 278. 1982; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 376. 1984; Ansari, Fl. Kasaragod Div. 351. 1985; Ramach. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Cannanore Dist. 430. 1988; Antony, Syst. Stud. Fl. Kottayam Dist. 371. 1989; Babu, Fl. Malappuram Dist. 746. 1990; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 443. 1990; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 431. 1994; Subram., Fl. Thenmala Div. 355. 1995; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 426. 1996; Sasidh., Fl. Shenduruny WLS 301. 1997; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 660. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 390. 1998; Sasidh., Fl. Chinnar WLS 296. 1999; Ravikumar & Ved, Illustr. Field Guide 100 Red Listed Med. Pl. 63. 2000 Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 308. 2002; Mohanan & Sivad., Fl. Agasthyamala 626. 2002; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 461. 2005; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 658. 2009; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 767. 2009.
  Malayalam Name(s): Anjili, Ayani, Anniliayari
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Aini, Hirsute Artocarpus, Wild jack
  Description: Evergreen trees, to 45 m high, bark 10-15 mm thick, surface dull grey-brown, smooth, lenticellate, exfoliations thin, exfoliated surface red, fibrous; exudation milky white, sticky, branchlets hirsute. Leaves simple, alternate, 13-25 x 7.5-15 cm, broadly ovate, obovate or elliptic, apex subacute or very shortly acuminate, base acute, obtuse or round, margin entire, undulate, coriaceous, glabrous above, hirsute-pubescent beneath; stipules to 4 cm long, lateral, densely tawny strigose; petiole 10-30 mm long, stout, hirsute; lateral nerves 6-12 pairs, pinnate, prominent; intercostae scalariform, faint. Flowers unisexual, minute, yellowish-green; male in axillary, pendulous, narrowly cylindric spikes upto 15 cm long; tepals 2, united below; stamen 1; anther exserted, ovate, bracteoles chaffy; female flowers in axillary ovoid spikes; perianth tubular, confluent below with the receptacle; ovary superior, straight, ovule pendulous; style exserted; stigma undivided. Fruit a sorosis 6-7.5 cm across, globose or ovoid, echinate, yellow when ripe, the spines cylindric, straight, hispid, perforate at the apex for filiform style; seeds 16-18 mm long, ovoid, white.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: December-March
  District(s): All Districts
  Habitat: Semi-evergreen and moist deciduous forests, also in the plains
  Distribution: Southern Western Ghats
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Yellow, Green
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: Yes
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to: Southern Western Ghats
  IUCN status:
  Altitude: 300-1200
  Localities: Peechi, Kallar, Ollavayal, Koruthode, Kanthalppara, Ranni, Manantody, Kannoth, Kallamalai, Kaikatty forests-Pothundy, Thiruvizhamkunnu, Maloth, Thalichola, Hereford, Kulathupuzha, Kumarapuram, Attayar
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