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GARDEN PLANTS
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  Alpinia zerumbet
 
  Family: ZINGIBERACEAE
  Citation:  Alpinia zerumbet (Pers.) Burtt & R.M. Smith, Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinb. 3:204.1972; Sabu, Taxonomic Phylogenetic Stud. Zingiberac. 129. 1991; Mangaly & Sabu, Rheedea 2:51.1992; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 685. 2009; Sabu, Zingiberaceae and Costaceae of South India 73. 2006. Costus zerumbet Pers., Syn. 1: 3. 1805. Alpinia speciosa (Wendl.) Schum., Bull. Herb. Boissier ser. 2, 3: 1108. 1903. Catimbium speciosum (Wendl.) Holttum, Gard. Bull. Singapore 13: 152. 1950.
  Malayalam Name(s):
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Light Galangal, Pink Porcelain Lily, Shell Ginger, Shell Flower, Shell Plant,
  Description: Leafy shoots to 2 m. Leaves distichous, blades lanceolate, to 50 x 8 cm, base cuneate, apex acute, margin pubescent; sheath tubular below, imbricating; ligule to 1 cm, rigid, hairy. Inflorescence unbranched, drooping, to 20 cm, axis stout, densely pubescent, bearing c. 20 cincinni of 2 flowers each. Bracts 0; pedicel 0.5 cm; bracteoles to 2.8 cm, white, open to base. Calyx 2 cm, glabrous, 3-lobed. Corolla tube shorter than calyx, side-lobes white, 2.8 x 1 cm, dorsal one broader, lip 3.6 x 2 m, crimson with yellow margins and base. Stamen 1; filament short; anther included; staminodes 0.8 cm. Ovary 3-celled; ovules numerous, on axile placentae; epigynous glands 5. Capsule subglobose, 3 x 2.5 cm; seeds numerous.
  Habit: Herb
  Flowering & Fruiting: June-October
  District(s): Kozhikkode, Malappuram, Wayanad, Thiruvananthapuram, Thrissur
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Grown in gardens
  Distribution: Native of North East India, Myanmar and Indonesia
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Orange, Yellow, Pink, White
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Monocotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: Yes
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude:
  Localities:
   
 
   
 
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