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  Albizia saman
  Family: FABACEAE/LEGUMINOSAE (Subfam.: Mimosoideae)
  Citation:  Albizia saman (Jacq.) F.Muell., Sel. Pl. Indust. Cult. 12. 1891. Mimosa saman Jacq., Fragm. Bot. 15, t. 9) 1800. Samanea saman (Jacq.) Merr., J. Wash. Acad. Sc. 6: 47. 1916; Manilal & Sivar., Fl. Calicut 102. 1982; Ansari, Fl. Kasaragod Div. 151. 1985; Ramach. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Cannanore Dist. 172. 1988; Antony, Syst. Stud. Fl. Kottayam Dist. 152. 1989; Sanjappa, Legumes Ind. 72. 1992; Sasidh., Fl. Shenduruny WLS 114. 1997; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 171. 1996; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 206. 2005; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 272. 2009. Enterolobium saman (Jacq.) Prain ex King, J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal 66: 252. 1898. Pithecellobium saman (Jacq.) Benth. in Hook. Lond. J. Bot. 3: 216. 1844.
  Malayalam Name(s): Mazhamaram, Urakamthoongimaram
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Cow tamarind, Monkeypod, Rain tree
  Description: Trees, to 25 m high, bark yellowish-brown, rough, deeply fissured; branchlets pubescent. Leaves bipinnate, alternate, stipulate; stipules lateral, small, lanceolate, densely pubescent, cauducous; rachis 19-24 cm long, stout, pubescent, pulvinate, glands between pinnae pairs on the upper side; pinnae 6-7 pairs, 3-15 cm long, pulvinate, slender, grooved above, pubescent, 2-glands at the top of the pulvinous on the upper side and one between each pair of leaflets; leaflets 6-16, opposite, subsessile, estipellate; lamina 1.5-4.5 × 1-3 cm, oblong, rhomboid, trapezoid or ovate-oblong, base obliquely truncate, apex obtuse, mucronate, margin entire, glabrous above, pubescent and glaucous beneath, coriaceous; lateral nerves 4-11 pairs, pinnate, prominent, intercostae reticulate, prominent. Flowers bisexual, pinkish-white, subsessile, in dense heads; peduncle 6-10 cm long, pubescent, solitary or 2-3 together in the axils of upper leaves; calyx 3-5 mm long, funnel shaped, pilose, lobes 5, broadly triangular; corolla 8-13 mm long, pinkish, funnel shaped, puberulous, lobes 5, ovate, half as long as the tube; stamens many, 3 cm long, connate at the base ina tube one-third as long as the corolla tub, apex pink, base white; ovary superior, glabrous, sessile, stigma minute. Fruit a pod, 12-20×1-2.5 cm, indehiscent, slightly flattened and depressed between the seeds, sutures thickened; epicarp thin, crustaceous, glossy brown, mesocarp pulpy, light brown, sticky; endocarp firmly crustaceous, forming continous septa between the seeds; seeds 16-20, 1×0.6 cm, smooth, brown, glossy.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: March-May
  District(s): All Districts
  Habitat: Grown as avenue tree
  Distribution: Native of Central and South America; widely planted in the tropics as avenue tree
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Pink, White
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: Yes
  Garden: Yes
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Localities: Peechi, Pappinisseri, Puliyoor

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