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  Ailanthus triphysa
  Citation:  Ailanthus triphysa (Dennst.) Alston in Trimen, Handb. Fl. Ceylon 6 (Suppl.) 41:1931; Manilal & Sivar., Fl. Calicut 61. 1982; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 106. 1984; Ramach. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Cannanore Dist. 86. 1988; Babu, Fl. Malappuram Dist. 113. 1990; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 105. 1994; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 86. 1996; Sasidh., Fl. Shenduruny WLS 55. 1997; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 128. 1997; R.K. Basak in Hajra et al., Fl. India 4: 413. 1997; E. Vajr. in P. Daniel, Fl. Kerala 1: 618. 2005; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 161. 2009; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 200. 2009. Adenanthera triphysa Dennst., Schluss. Hort. Malab. 15, 18, 32. 1818. Ailanthus malabarica DC., Prodr. 2: 89. 1825; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 158. 1875; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 163(116). 1915.
  Malayalam Name(s): Matti, Mattipala, Pongallyam, Perumaram, Pongilium
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Maharukh
  Description: Lofty deciduous trees, to 30 m high, bark grey, smooth, lenticellate; blaze pale yellow with reddish-brown sclerotic granules. Leaves imparipinnate, alternate, crowded towards the apex of branches, estipulate; rachis 26.5-52.5 cm long, stout, slightly ridged above, glabrous, swollen at base; leaflets 11-23, opposite or subopposite; petiolule 5-10 mm, slender, glabrous, ridged above; lamina 8.5-17 x 2-6.5 cm, oblong-ovate, oblong-lanceolate or elliptic to lanceolate, base oblique, apex acute or acuminate, margin entire, revolute, glabrous, coriaceous; lateral nerves 8-16 pairs, pinnate, prominent, intercostae reticulate, prominent. Flowers polygamous, greenish-yellow, in axillary panicles; male flowers: sepal 5, ovate, acute, pubescent, imbricate; petals 5, erect, glabrous, valvate; disc 10-lobed; stamens 10; anthers ovate; pistillode rudimentary, cordate; bisexual flowers: sepals and petals as in male flowers; stamens 2 or 3; disc 10-lobed; ovary 5 partite, superior, ovule 1 in each cell; style connate; stigmas plumose. Fruit a samara, 1-5, oblong, 5-6 x 1.5-2.5 cm, prominently veined, not twisted, reddish-brown with rounded ends.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: January-May
  District(s): All Districts
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Semi-evergreen forests, also planted in the plains
  Distribution: Indo-Malesia and Australia
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Creamy, Yellow
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude: -1500
  Localities: Peechi, Manthampotty, Cheppad, Pooyamkutty, Vadapuram
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