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  Agrostistachys borneensis
  Citation:  Agrostistachys borneensis Becc., Nelle For. Borneo 331. 1902; Manilal, Fl. Silent Valley 244. 1988; Ramach. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Cannanore Dist. 407. 1988; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 419. 1990; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 406. 1994; Sasidh. et al., Bot. Stud. Med. Pl. Kerala 22. 1996; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 391. 1996; Sasidh., Fl. Shenduruny WLS 279. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 363. 1998; Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 280. 2002; Mohanan & Sivad., Fl. Agasthyamala 592. 2002; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 718. 2009. Agrostistachys longifolia (Wight) Trimen, Syst. Cat. Fl. Pl. Ceylon 81. 1885, nom. illeg.; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 5: 407. 1887. Sarcoclinium longifolium Wight, Ic. tt. 1887, 1888. 1852. Agrostistachys meeboldii Pax & Hoffm. in Engl., Pflanzenr., Euphorb.-Chrozoph. 100. 1912; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 1318(922). 1925; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 356. 1984; N.P.Balakr. & Chakrab., Fam. Euphorbiaceae India 158. 2007.
  Malayalam Name(s): Kozhivalan, Mulimpala
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Dioecious evergreen trees to 15 m; bark 8-10 mm thick, blackish-grey mottled with white, smooth, brittle; branchlets stout, marked with the scars of petioles and stipules; exudation white, milky; young parts glabrous. Leaves simple, alternate, clustered at the tips of branchlets, 10-25 x 5-7.5 cm, oblanceolate or obovate-spathulate, apex acuminate, base long attenuate, margin entire, recurved, glabrous, coriaceous; stipules lateral, short, broad, acute, cauducous; petiole 5-10 mm long, stout, glabrous; lateral nerves 10-18 pairs, pinnate, prominent. Male flowers: in axillary lax spiciform racemes, much shorter than the leaves, few flowers per bract; bracts broadly ovate, ciliate; tepals 8-10, biseriate, outer tepals connate, cupular, splitting into 2-5 valvate segments; inner tepals petalloid, alternating with outer, ovate, obtuse, fleshy, fimbriate; disc glands 5, large, alternating with inner tepals; stamens 10, exserted; outer 5 alternating with disc; inner 5 shortly connate, around pistillode; anthers versatile, the cells pendulous from the thickened connective; pistillode 2-3 clefted. Female flowers: in axillary lax spiciform racemes much shorter than the leaves, solitary in each bract; bracts broadly ovate, ciliate; tepals 8-10, biseriate, outer tepals ovate, stiff, spreading; inner tepals petalloid, longer than the outer tepals, alternating with outer, entire; disc glands 5, partly connate; ovary superior, pubescent, 3-celled, ovules 1 in each cell, laterally pendulous; styles thick, short, spreading. Fruit a capsule 7-15 mm across, 3-lobed, cocci globose, reddish, crustaceous, smooth; seeds globose, smooth, shining.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: December-March
  District(s): Palakkad, Kottayam, Idukki, Kollam, Kannur, Thiruvananthapuram, Thrissur, Wayanad, Kozhikkode
  Habitat: Evergreen and semi-evergreen forests
  Distribution: Indo-Malaya
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Yellow
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude: 800-1200
  Localities: Sholayar, Vazhachal, Kallar, Mlappara, Uppupara, Karimala, Silent Valley R. F., Campshed area, Chandanathode, Thuthampara, Ponmudi, Pooyamkutty, Vazhakunda estate area, Chemungi, Koviltherimala
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