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  Agave americana
 
  Family: AGAVACEAE
  Citation:  Agave americana L., Sp. Pl. 323. 1753; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 1505(1052). 1931; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 507. 1990; Antony, Syst. Stud. Fl. Kottayam Dist. 397. 1989; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 477. 1994; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 875. 2009. Agave cantula Roxb., Fl. Ind. 2: 167. 1832.
  Malayalam Name(s): Aanakaitha, Agevu, Athirakaitha, Eroppakaitha, Kandalachedi, Panam-kattazha
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Century plant, American aloe
  Description: Rosette of leaves to 3 m wide from a short stout stem; roots fibrous. Leaves lanceolate, rigid, grey-glaucous to light green, base sheathing, margins toothed (to 1 cm); apical spines to 4 cm, brownish. Scape to 8 m; bracts 3-angular, flower-bearing on upper third. Inflorescence of c. 25 umbellate clusters of flowers. Flower c. 8 cm long; pedicel stout. Perianth-tube 1.2 cm; lobes 3 + 3, subequal, lanceolate, to 3 cm long, cucullate at apex. Stamens 6, exserted; filaments c. 8 cm; anthers 3 cm. Ovary inferior, 3-celled; with numerous ovules in 2 rows, on axile placentae per cell; style elongate; stigma 3-lobed. Capsule oblong, to 5 x 2 cm, loculicidal, beaked; seeds flat, 6 mm wide, black.
  Habit: Shrub
  Flowering & Fruiting:
  District(s): Kottayam, Palakkad, Thiruvananthapuram, Wayanad, Kannur, Kasaragode, Malappuram, Kollam
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Cultivated along the fences
  Distribution: Tropical America, introduced in to the Paleotropics
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Green, Yellow
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Monocotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: Yes
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude:
  Localities:
   
 
   
 
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