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  Actephila excelsa
  Citation:  Actephila excelsa (Dalz.) Muell.-Arg., Linnaea 32: 78. 1863; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 1283(898). 1925; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 355. 1984; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 405. 1994; Mohanan & Sivad., Fl. Agasthyamala 591. 2002; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 435. 2005; N.P.Balakr. & Chakrab., Fam. Euphorbiaceae India 397. 2007. Anomospermum excelsum Dalz. in Hook.'s J. Bot. Kew Gard. Misc. 3: 228. 1851. Actephila neilgherrensis Wight, Ic. t. 1910. 1852.
  Malayalam Name(s):
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Large shrubs to small trees; young stem, bracts and calyx lobes hispid without. Leaves simple, opposite, 7-20 x 2-5 cm, lanceolate to oblanceolate, acute at apex, attenuate at base; petioles 0.5-1 cm long. Flowers in axillary clusters; male many, short-pedicelled; female 1-2, long-pedicelled. Male flowers: pedicels 0.3-0.4 cm long; calyx lobes 5, hairy without; petals 5, smaller than calyx, white; disc lobed; stamens 3-6, attached on the disc, filaments united to form a gonophore; pistillode within gonophore. Female flowers: pedicel 1-1.3 cm long; ovary ovoid, 0.4-0.5 cm long, 0.3-0.4 cm diam, 3-celled; ovules 2 in each cell; styles 3, each again 2-fid to form 6-stigmatic lobes, lobes papillate. Capsule depressed globose, 2-2.5 cm across, 6-lobed.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: April-May
  District(s): Kollam, Pathanamthitta, Thiruvananthapuram, Kozhikkode, Wayanad, Kannur
  Habitat: Evergreen and semi-evergreen forests
  Distribution: Peninsular India and Sri Lanka
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Yellow, Creamy, White
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude: 800-1200
  Localities: Sholayar, Chimmini, Ezhimala, Lower Moozhiar, Athirumala, Chemungi
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