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  Acmella calva
 
  Family: ASTERACEAE/COMPOSITAE
  Citation:  Acmella calva (DC.) R.K. Jansen, Syst. Bot. Monogr. 8: 41. 1985. Spilanthes calva DC. in Wight, Contrib. 19. 1834; Sivar. & Remesan, Journ. Econ. Tax. Bot. 10: 143. 1987; Manilal, Fl. Silent Valley 158. 1988; Ramach. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Cannanore Dist. 255. 1988; Antony, Syst. Stud. Fl. Kottayam Dist. 220. 1989; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 256. 1990; Subram., Fl. Thenmala Div. 196. 1995; H.J. Chowdhery in Hajra et al., Fl. India 12: 409. 1995; Sasidh., Fl. Shenduruny WLS 178. 1997; Swarup. et al., Shola For. Kerala 41. 1998; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 378. 1997; Mohanan & Sivad., Fl. Agasthyamala 388. 2002; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 287. 2005; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 479. 2009. Spilanthes acmella var. calva (DC.) Clarke, Comp. Ind. 138. 1876. Spilanthes acmella sensu Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 3: 307. 1881, non (L.) Murr. 1844; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 708(498. 1921.
  Malayalam Name(s): Akravu, Eripacha, Erivalli, Kaduparni, Kuppamanjal, Naikoppu, Naimanjal, Palluvedanachedi, Tharippuchedi
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Paracress, Toothache plant
  Description: Procumbent scabrid herbs. Leaves to 4 x 2.5 cm, ovate, base truncate, apex acute, chartaceous. Heads 10 x 7 mm, solitary, conical. Flowers bisexual; corolla yellow, 2.5 mm long, tubular, campanulate above; lobes 0.5 mm long, ovate, acute, glabrous. Achenes 2 x 1 mm, obovate, biconvex, dark brown, glandular.
  Habit: Herb
  Flowering & Fruiting: February-April
  District(s): Kottayam, Idukki, Pathanamthitta, Malappuram, Palakkad, Kannur, Thiruvananthapuram, Kollam, Wayanad
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Moist localities in evergreen forests
  Distribution: Indo-Malesia and China
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Yellow
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: Yes
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude: 700-1500
  Localities: Alvarakurichi, Pathenthode, Adoor, Tolpetty, Devicolam, Mandhampatti-Mukkali, Kaikatty forests-Pothundy, Pooyamkutty, Karuvarakundu, Hereford, Ariankavu, Kulathupuzha, Athirumala
   
 
   
 
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