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  Acacia leucophloea
 
  Family: FABACEAE/LEGUMINOSAE (Subfam.: Mimosoideae)
  Citation:  Acacia leucophloea (Roxb.) Willd., Sp. Pl. 4: 1083. 1806; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 2: 294. 1878; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 427(302). 1919; Sanjappa, Legumes Ind. 41. 1992; Chakrab. & Gangop., Journ. Econ. Tax. Bot. 20: 615. 1996; Sasidh., Fl. Chinnar WLS 118. 1999. Mimosa leucophloea Roxb., Pl. Corom. t. 150. 1800.
  Malayalam Name(s): Chenkaringali, Vellavelam, Velvelakam, Velvelam, Pattacharayamaram
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Distiller's acacia, White babul, White barked acacia
  Description: Trees; to 20 m high; bark yellow to yellowish-brown, rough, exfoliating in irregular scales; blaze light red; branchlets yellowish-velvety. Leaves bipinnate, alternate, stipulate; stipular spines in pairs, upto 1 cm, grey, straight, puberulous; rachis 9-14 cm stout, pulvinate, grooved above, pubescent; pinnae 5-15 pairs, opposite, even pinnate, 3.5-6 cm, with a gland in between terminal 3-4 pinnae and also between basal pairs on upper side, slender, pubescent; leaflets 30-54, opposite, sessile; lamina 5-10 x 2-3 mm, linear, base oblique, truncate, apex subacute, margin ciliate, glabrous above, pubescent below, chartaceous; nerves obscure. Flowers yellow or yellowish-white, 1 mm across, sessile, in heads arranged in terminal panicles; peduncle zig-zag; bracts ovate, minute; bracteoles ca.5 in an involucel, in the middle of the peduncle; calyx 1-1.3 x 1 mm, campanulate, villous; teeth triangular; corolla 2-2.5 mm long, puberulous without, lobes ovate-oblong; stamens many, 2.5-5 mm long with glandular appendages; ovary stipitate, 0.3-0.5 mm long; style 1-1.5 mm long. Fruit a pod 6-15 x 0.8-1 cm, flat, strap-shaped, straight or sometimes curved, some what bullate along seeds, thin walled, round or often mucronate at apex, minutely brown tomentose, sessile to subsessile, tardily dehiscent; seeds 5-12, ovate, 5-6 x 3-4 mm.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: July-February
  District(s): Idukki, Palakkad
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Dry deciduous forests
  Distribution: Indo-Malesia
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): White, Yellow
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude:
  Localities: Champakkad
   
 
   
 
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