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  Abutilon indicum var. indicum
  Citation:  Abutilon indicum (L.) Sweet, Hort. Brit. (ed.1) 54. 1826, var. indicum; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 326. 1874; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 91(65). 1915; Manilal & Sivar., Fl. Calicut 45. 1982; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 86. 1984; Antony, Syst. Stud. Fl. Kottayam Dist. 74. 1989; Babu, Fl. Malappuram Dist. 57. 1990; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 78. 1990; T.K. Paul in B.D. Sharma & Sanjappa, Fl. India 3: 266. 1993; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 77. 1994; Sivar. & Pradeep, Malvac. Southern Peninsular India 192. 1996; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 79. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Chinnar WLS 33. 1999; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 78. 2005; M. Mohanan & A.V.N. Rao in P. Daniel, Fl. Kerala 1: 378. 2005; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 115. 2009; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 146. 2009. Sida indica L., Cent. Pl. 2: 26. 1756.
  Malayalam Name(s): Kaluram, Kattooram, Oorpam, Ooram, Thuthi, Velluram, Vennkurunthotti, Indian Mallow
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Country mallow, Indian mallow
  Description: Shrubs to 2 m tall; stem terete, green, densely clothed with minutely short stellate-pubescent and simple hairs. Leaves 3-8 x 4-7 cm, ovate-orbicular, base cordate, margins crenate-dentate, apex acute or acuminate, 5-7-nerved from base, velvety, sparsely stellate-hairy above, glaucous beneath with dense stellate indumentum; petioles 2-6 cm long; stipules up to 4 mm long, linear. Flowers axillary, solitary; pedicels 4-5 cm long, jointed very near the top. Calyx tube c. 4 mm long; lobes 5, c. 4 mm long, ovate, pubescent with minute stellate hairs, apex acuminate. Corolla 2-2.5 cm across, orangish-yellow; petals 5, c. 1 x 1.2 cm, obovate, rounded or emarginate at apex. Staminal column c. 6 mm long, antheriferous at apex. Ovary c. 4 mm across, globose, densely pubescent with silvery white hairs; styles 15-20, to 1 cm long; stigma capitate. Schizocarp to 1.2 x 2 cm, globular with a flattened apex; mericarps 15-20, to 12 x 9 mm, reniform, flattened, densely stellate-hairy, upper part rounded mucronate, blackish when mature. Seeds to 3 mm long, ovoid or reniform, warty, black.
  Habit: Shrub
  Flowering & Fruiting: September-April
  District(s): All Districts
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Scrub jungles and wastelands
  Distribution: Tropics and subtropics of the world
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Yellow
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Localities: Mangavada, Tiruvalla, Thenkara, Alleppey town, Mampad
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